How to grow and care for snake plant

A snake plant is a houseplant that has low light requirements and requires minimal attention to survive indoors or out. It is also called mother-in-law's tongue and its botanical name is Dracaena trifasciata (formally known as Sansevieria trifasciata). It is easy to take care of.

Usually, snake plants have stripe coloration from green to gray or silver with yellow edges. It's originally from a few parts of Southern Africa. When grown outdoors, it prefers warmer weather.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll discuss everything you need to know about growing and caring for snake plants so they can thrive in your home, office, or any other low-light environment. We'll discuss different types of snake plants. We'll delve into the art of snake plant propagation techniques, and we'll explore topics like nuances of watering, the mysteries of potting and repotting, the rare occurrence of their blooming, and the potential pests and diseases that can challenge their resilience.

Additionally, we'll consider whether a snake plant is really the right choice for your indoor environment, addressing common queries through a dedicated section of frequently asked questions (FAQs).

So, let's embark on a journey to discover the secrets of flourishing alongside these elegant green companions.

Snake plant care

Snake plants near a sunny window

You may be surprised to know that snake plant care is easy. Most people are intimidated by the thought of caring for this type of houseplant because they believe it's too complicated or time-consuming, but the truth is, with minimal attention and care, your snake plant should thrive in your home or office environment.

Let's discuss how different types of these plants grow so you know what will work best for your needs!

Soil requirement

The soil snake plants prefer is a well-draining potting mix one preferably made from mostly organic matter.

A common and inexpensive option for snake plant care is to use well-draining potting soil that's mixed with one part sand. You can also mix in some perlite or pumice into the potting soil blend, which will help ensure good drainage as well as aeration.

Generally, snake plants grow well in succulents and cacti soil. You can also use an African violet soil mixture because it is also well-draining.

Watering requirement

It's best to only water your snake plant when the soil is dry. It shouldn't take long for the top inch of soil to dry out which makes it easy for you to tell if your snake plant needs watering. If this is not possible, stick your finger about one inch into the potting mix, and if moist, don't water your plant.

These indoor plants don't like to be overwatered and they should only be watered about once a month during the winter months and twice a month during the summer.

Be sure it's draining well throughout the whole pot so that the excess moisture can evaporate from the soil as soon as possible, preventing root rot. Also, try to avoid getting leaves wet during watering.

Sunlight requirement

Dracaena (sansevieria) is a tropical plant that thrives in lower light conditions which is why they're suitable for growing indoors. They will also grow well outside in full to part sun.

If you'd like to keep your snake plant inside, then it's best to place it somewhere that gets 4-6 hours of indirect sunlight each day.

Air circulation requirement

These plants are resilient to both dry or stale air in our homes and workplaces. They'll also flourish in high-humidity areas like bathrooms.

Be sure they're not placed next to heat sources like vents or furnaces that will dry the air too much.

Temperature and humidity requirement

They generally prefer hotter conditions as long as they're well watered and don't dry out too. Although snake plants can tolerate a wide range of temperatures. I.e. between 50° to 100° Fahrenheit, depending on the variety.

If your snake plant is kept in a frost, it may die, as it cannot withstand extreme cold below 50° Fahrenheit for a long period.

Snake plants flourish best at temperatures around 65°-95° Fahrenheit. For optimal comfort, set it away from drafts.

Fertilizer

During the growing season, use a mild cactus fertilizer or a balanced liquid slow-release (10-10-10) fertilizer diluted to half strength. Avoid fertilizing during the winter months.

Pruning snake plants

Pruning is the process of selectively removing plant parts such as branches, leaves, or flowers to promote healthy growth, adjust the shape of the plant, and improve its overall appearance.

The ideal time to prune a snake plant is during the growing season, which is usually spring or summer. Pruning may be done at any time of year; however, since pruning can stress a plant, it's preferable to perform it when the plant is in its healthiest state.

Remove the tallest leaves at the soil line to regulate the height of your snake plant. Remove any leaves that are damaged as well. Use sterile pruning shears, scissors, or a sharp knife. Leaves removal promotes new leaves development.

If you like to keep your original plant in good shape, it's best to remove the pups and prune their leaves.

Grow and Care for snake plant faster - Video

Different types of snake plants

Dwarf snake plants in beautiful pots

Snake plants, also known as Dracaena trifasciata (Sansevieria), come in various types including compact cylindrical forms, taller sword-like varieties, and patterned cultivars, all known for their resilience and air-purifying qualities.

Here are the top 9 list of snake plants varieties that you can grow in your house. Some of them are extremely rare but most snake plants can be found easily.

  1. Dracaena trifasciata Laurentii - This is one of the most common snake plants you'll find in stores. The edges of this variegated snake plant are creamy yellow. It has light green with dark green stripe leaves that grow to about 2-4 feet tall. It is one of the tallest snake plant cultivar.
  2. Dracaena trifasciata Golden Hahnii (Bird’s Nest sansevieria) - This snake plant's broad tapered leaves have green and light green running horizontally striped markings. The leaves grow in clusters before turning leafy funnels as the plants develop. When viewed from above, the 'Golden Hahnii' has a rosette pattern to its form. This dwarf snake plant grows up to 20 cm only and needs more light. It is not like other tall leaves plants.
  3. Dracaena tricolor - This variety (Dracaena marginata tricolor) has a green stripe going down the middle of each variegated pale green to grayish-green colored leaf. They can reach up to 4.5 meters tall and 3 meters wide. It's best suited for bright indirect sunlight conditions (or morning sunlight).
  4. Dracaena trifasciata Hahnii- Hahnii plants have dark green leaves with horizontal white stripes. The foliage creates a lovely rosette shape. Their growth and reproduction are faster and can grow up to 30 cm tall. They are best suited for bright light conditions.
  5. Dracaena angolensis (formerly Sansevieria cylindrical or cylindrical snake plant) - This variety has up to 1.2 m long leaves that are grayish green to olive green in color. This cylindrical leaves snake plant has oval, rigid leaves, and is around 1 inch thick at the base. The leaves curve out from a central crown. It prefers bright light.
  6. Dracaena trifasciata 'Twist' - This variety has twisted leaves with yellow variegated edges that are striped horizontally, so giving it its name. The leaves can reach up to 14 inches tall and about 2 inches wide when grown indoors in a pot and is best suited for medium-light conditions (can survive low light but the leaves will be smaller).
  7. Sansevieria Moonshine (sansevieria silver queen, sansevieria moonglow, and moonlight snake plant) - The moonshine sansevieria plant is a distinctive sansevieria with pale, silvery-green, spear-shaped leaves. The dark green margin of the broad, pointed succulent leaves of the moonshine snake plant makes it an attractive plant. Moonshine plant grows up to 2 feet in height.
  8. Dracaena desertii - This succulent's red-tinted leaves grow to about 12 inches tall and are juicy. It is also called rhino grass.
  9. Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Bantel's Sensation' - This cultivar reaches up to 3 feet tall (91 cm.) and has white vertical stripes on its narrow leaves, hence the name White snake plant.

Propagating snake plants

Small snake plant baby in new container with succulent soil

Propagating snake plants involves creating new plants from cuttings or divisions of existing plants, allowing them to root and grow into independent specimens.

It's ideal to propagate during the snake plant growing season, which generally lasts from early spring through late summer.

If your snake plant is at least 4 inches tall, it may be split effortlessly. New branches can also develop from the ground and may be potted independently if you do not wish to divide the plant itself.

Here are the 4 different ways to propagate snake plants. Check Propagating Succulents for a more in-depth guide.

Propagate using root division

Propagating by root division involves separating a mature plant into smaller sections, each with some roots, to grow multiple new plants with established root systems.

To propagate by root division, you'll need a clean pot, cactus potting mix, and a sharp knife.

  1. First, pull the whole plant out of its pot, and place it on a flat surface. Gently clean the root ball from the soil.
  2. Divide the plant into sections so that each section has its root structure attached to it. You can cut it with a knife. It's ok, it won't kill it.
  3. Transplant these new plant parts into separate pots with succulent and cactus potting soil.
  4. Water them thoroughly, and let them grow in bright indirect sunlight.

Propagation by leaf-cutting

Propagation by leaf-cutting involves taking a healthy leaf cutting and encouraging it to grow roots and develop into a new plant.

In this method, you'll need a sterilized scissor, pruning shears, or a sharp knife, a clean pot, and well-draining potting mix, OR a clean jar if you prefer to root it in water.

  1. Cut a long healthy leaf from the parent snake plant with any of the above tools. Let it be callous for some time or add some growing hormones.
  2. Submerge the cut end in a clean jar of water or plant it in a pot with cacti soil.
  3. Place the new baby snake plant in a partially sunny spot.
  4. Change the water of the jar every few days (better every week or 2) to prevent bacterial or algae growth. OR if you are growing in soil, mist it twice every day.
  5. When you see root growth, you can plant your new snake plant in well-draining and fresh soil and start caring for it.

Snake plants are usually slow-growing plants, so expect to root them after 2 months. When the new growth appears, transplant/repot it to their new homes/containers.

Leaf cuttings are the most common way to propagate succulents. If you own a snake plant, you should expand it by the leaf-cutting propagation method.

Offshoots propagation

Offshoot propagation refers to cultivating new plants by removing the offshoots or small shoots that grow at the base of the parent plant.

Snake plants can be propagated from offshoots too. In this case, you'll need a sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the offshoot from the parent plant and replant it in a well-draining pot full of succulent fresh soil.

The offshoot should have its roots intact. It is one of the easiest and quick methods to grow snake plants.

Remember to put in indirect bright light or near a sunny window, and only water when the soil dries.

Propagating snake plants from seeds

Propagating from seeds involves collecting and sowing snake plant seeds to grow new ones, but it may require more time and attention compared to other propagation techniques.

The other techniques (offshoots or leaf-cutting) are considerably easier, faster, and more reliable than propagating from seeds. Snake plant seeds have a low rate of germination. It might take anything from three to six weeks for a seedling to form.

BTW, here's the method to grow new snake plants from seeds.

  1. Fill up a pot with cacti soil and spread the seeds on top of it. Water them to keep the seed moist and place them in a sunny spot.
  2. You can wrap a clear plastic over it.
  3. It will take time for the seed to germinate, so be patient.
  4. After a few weeks, new growth will appear, wait for them to grow a little more before transplanting.
  5. Once they grow up to 3-4 inches, separate them with a clean sharp knife or pruning shears and pick out the best one and replant it in a well-draining pot full of succulent soil.

Be careful, never let your snake plant baby or even mature snake plant outdoor when temps dip below 50° F.

Pests and Diseases

snake plant dead leaf pruning

"Pests and Diseases" refer to harmful organisms and illnesses that can affect plant health. When you are growing snake plants, it's important to monitor for potential pests like scale, spider mites, or mealybugs, as well as diseases like curly leaves problem or root rot, etc., and take proactive measures such as proper watering and maintaining optimal conditions to prevent and address these issues.

Pests

Snake plants are prone to a variety of insects, including scale infestations, gnats, spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies. If you maintain your plant healthy, you can avoid these insect infestations. OR use a mild spray of an organic neem oil insecticide soap.

The most likely culprits are mealybugs and spider mites. Both attacks can be treated by regularly misting the leaves of the plant or taking a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol or a drop of dish soap and wiping it on the affected area. Make sure to clean both sides of the leaves.

Mealybugs reproduce in a cottony substance around their body, so you can easily wipe them off with a swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.

Spider mites are barely visible to the human eye and live on the undersides of your plant's leaves. You'll have to use a magnifying glass or better yet, a small hand lens to spot them. You may also shake your plant and see if tiny dust particles fall from the leaves. Treat these with insecticidal soap or neem oil solution.

Snake plant diseases

Snake plants, renowned for their resilience, can fall prey to various ailments during cultivation. You should act quickly to avoid or heal these diseases while caring for and growing snake plants. Some common health concerns and remedies are outlined below.

Curling Leaves: Curling leaves may stem from cold or dry air or a thrips pest infestation. Maintain warmth, avoid drafts, and treat with neem oil or vegetable soap to combat pests and avoid this issue.

Leaf Discoloration (Brown Tips, Red Spots, Yellow or Brown Leaves): Yellow or brown leaves often indicate underwatering; ensure proper soil moisture. Brown tips result from cold drafts or excessive direct sunlight. Red spots may result from improper watering or insufficient light.

Leaf Issues (Dead Leaves, Drooping, Falling Leaves): Monitor water and sunlight levels to address unhealthy appearance. Browning edges or spontaneous leaf loss could signify soil problems or poor drainage.

Slow Growth: Optimal conditions including warmth and moisture encourage snake plant growth. Increase container size to allow for root expansion and leaf development.

Mushy Roots: Healthy snake plants feature robust white rhizomes. If roots appear mushy, brown, or flaky, root rot could be at play, you need to examine them closely. Roots rotting usually occurs due to over-watering.

Smelly Potting Soil, Root Rot: Unpleasant odors from roots or potting media might signal root rot; evaluate soil near the base of the plant for diagnosis.

By vigilantly tending to these aspects, you can maintain the health and vitality of your snake plants.

Potting/Repotting snake plants

Potting, Transplanting a Snake Plant

Potting/repotting involves transferring the snake plant to a new container with fresh soil, providing more space for growth, and replenishing nutrients when the current container becomes too small or the soil has deteriorated.

As snake plants grow slowly, they rarely require repotting, but if given enough light, they can develop quickly and need to be repotted or divided into separate snake plants.

For repotting a snake plant, choose a strong-walled container since strong roots may easily shatter weak ones.

These succulents should be repotted in the spring. In every case, use fresh potting soil or a cactus potting mix, or mix your garden soil with cacti soil when repotting. Also, use a pot with drainage holes so the excess water can drain easily.

Planting snake plants are easy, you can refer to planting succulents for an in-depth guide. Here are the steps to plant a snake plant.

  1. Fill a container/pot up to 3/4 of its height with a succulent potting mix. (leave some space at the top).
  2. Place your snake plant in the middle of the pot, and spread its root horizontally.
  3. Add more soil to cover the roots of your snake plant.
  4. Add some top dressing for decoration. Then start caring for your snake plant.

Snake plant bloom

Snake plant blooming

The blooms of snake plants are creamy-white, tubular shapes that resemble lilies. It blossoms yearly when its water, sun, and humidity requirements are optimal.

However, when cultivated indoors all year, they seldom bloom.

The progression of the seasons—namely, the arrival of spring—rouses the plant out of dormancy and stimulates growth.

It has beautiful blooms that are fragrant and blossom at night. There's no need to remove these flowers; they'll wilt on their own after some time.

Snake plants act as air purifiers, producing oxygen at night and removing carbon dioxide during the day.

Common mistakes people make while caring for snake plants

Caring for snake plants is relatively straightforward, but many times curious people make some mistakes due to under or over-caring. Avoiding these common mistakes can help ensure their health and vitality. Here are some key pitfalls to avoid.

  1. Overwatering: Like other succulents, snake plants are susceptible to root rot if they're kept in overly moist soil. It's important to let the soil dry out between waterings.
  2. Using the Wrong Soil: Using regular potting soil that retains too much moisture can lead to root rot. A well-draining succulent or cactus mix is more suitable.
  3. Inadequate Drainage: Planting snake plants in pots without proper drainage can lead to waterlogged soil and root problems.
  4. Too Much Light: While snake plants can tolerate low light conditions, placing them in direct sunlight for prolonged periods can scorch their leaves.
  5. Not Rotating: Failing to rotate the plant occasionally can cause it to lean towards the light source and grow unevenly.
  6. Ignoring Pests: Like any plant, snake plants can attract pests such as spider mites and mealybugs. Regularly inspecting the leaves and acting promptly against pests is important.
  7. Improper Pot Size: Using pots that are too large can cause excess soil moisture, leading to root issues, while pots that are too small can restrict growth.
  8. Neglecting Cleaning: Dust and debris can accumulate on snake plant leaves, hindering their ability to photosynthesize effectively. Wipe the leaves occasionally to keep them clean.
  9. Over-Fertilizing: Snake plants are low-maintenance and don't require frequent fertilizing. Over-fertilization can lead to leaf burn.
  10. Not Adjusting Watering in Winter: During the colder months when snake plants are not actively growing, they require even less water than usual.
  11. Using Cold Water: Watering with very cold water can shock the plant's roots, affecting its overall health.
  12. Ignoring Temperature Variations: Extremely cold temperatures can damage snake plants, so avoid exposing them to drafts or cold air.

Remember that snake plants are relatively forgiving, but addressing these common mistakes can help ensure their health and longevity.

Is a snake plant a good choice for your indoor environment?

Yes! A snake plant is an easy-care houseplant that brings life to any room. It's also an excellent choice for improving air quality in your home or office.

They make your indoor area feel alive with their ever-changing colors and textures, while also removing toxins from the air around them. Within no time, you can be enjoying these benefits while admiring its beautiful foliage.

For those with furry companions inclined to nibble, it's wise to place your snake plant out of easy reach, preventing any unexpected pet-meets-plant encounters. As snake plants are mildly-toxic to pets according to ASPCA.

Hopefully, after reading this guide, you'll have the ultimate knowledge of snake plant care. Please feel free to ask for anything in the comments below if there is something unclear.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are snake plants easy to care for?

Yes, they are very easy to care for.

How often do I water my snake plant?

Water your snake plant once the soil is completely dry to help prevent rot. They only need watering about every 2 weeks during hot months and less frequently in cooler weather. During winter, it’s best to put them on a “dry” winter schedule, where they get watered only once a month.

How to overwinter a snake plant?

Provide shelter for your plants by moving them indoors or under an overhang that's sheltered from the elements. Remove any stems that have died or dried leaves that are falling off plant stems. Cut back to healthy foliage and give it very little water, if any.

If you live in a climate where you can leave your plants outside during winter, move them to an area that receives partial sunlight and shelter them from the wind. Continue to protect until nighttime temperatures are above 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 Celsius).

Where should I place my snake plant?

Snake plants do best in bright, indirect light. So place it where it gets enough sunlight.
Snake plants are mildly-toxic to pets - especially cats and dogs, so it is best to be careful where you keep your plant if you have pets that like to chew on things!

How fast does a snake plant grow?

The snake plant is a slow grower in general, but if you put it outside during the summer, it may grow faster.

How long does a snake plant live?

Snake plants can live as long as 20 years but on average they live from 5-10 years.

What's the difference between Nassauvia Serpens and Dracaena trifasciata?

Although Nassauvia Serpens and Dracaena trifasciata are both known as snake plants, they are not the same. The Falkland Islands native perennial shrub Nassauvia Serpens is a member of the aster family. They bear no resemblance to each other.

Are snake plants toxic to pets?

According to the ASPCA report, Yes, snake plants are mildly-toxic to pets, especially cats and dogs. But they are only toxic if ingested. It can lead to mild gastrointestinal discomfort, such as vomiting or diarrhea, in pets. So it is best to be careful where you keep your plant if you have pets that like to chew on things.

Are snake plants poisonous?

According to the ASPCA report, Yes, they are poisonous if ingested. This plant does have a sap that can irritate the eyes and skin of some people, so it is best to handle it with care!

How much light does a snake plant need?

Snake plants do well in bright, indirect light. However, they will tolerate low-light areas too. If you are propagating a snake plant and using some artificial light source in an indoor environment, place them under direct light.

What kind of fertilizer should I give to the snake plant?

During the growing season (spring to autumn), fertilize with a balanced liquid fertilizer once every two weeks; do not use high-nitrogen formulas during this period. OR add some warm compost to the soil in early autumn.

Cacti Succulents - All you need to know about

Cacti are part of succulents and they differ a little bit from other succulent plant families. They both need to be watered more than once a week, they both require the same light conditions, and they both grow best when planted with other cacti or other succulent plants near them for support.

It is also worth mentioning that, All cacti are succulents, but not all succulents are cacti.

What are cacti / cactus plants?

Green cacti succulents with spikes on pebbles
Green cacti succulents with spikes on pebbles

Cactus is a member of the plant family "Cactaceae" in Succulents. They have scales and spines instead of leaves and can be found in many different shapes, sizes, colors, textures - even smells! Cactus plants are also called "cactuses" or "cactus trees."

Most cacti are originated from hot, dry habitats with sparse rainfall. Cacti is the only plant variety that can survive such conditions and they have evolved to adapt. Over many years they have developed some significant physical adaptations to survive.

Cacti are characterized by having special structures equipped with new forms, namely ridges on their body to store water. The cactus plant's thickened shape is to prevent loss of moisture, while its effectively located spines are used to protect it from animals.

Cactus plants usually have thick, fleshy stems to store water which they can bear for long periods of time.

The most common types of cactus plants are prickly pears (also known as nopales), barrel-shaped saguaros that tower up to 50 feet tall, and chollas that look like giant barrels covered in thorny spines.

Cacti and Succulents Info

A cactus is a member of the Cactaceae family, which includes nearly 127 genera and 1750 known species of Caryophyllales order. The word "cactus" (kak-tus) comes from Latin and means "spiny." Theophrastus used it to describe a spiny plant that is now uncertain.

Cacti are found in areas such as Central and South America, where they thrive in heat and dry habitats. Many other cactus, on the other hand, come from all across Canada and are even native to rainforests.

Cacti that live in the jungle area are usually known as epiphytes, just like bromeliads; because many of them actually get their water from the air.

Other cacti look like small barrel-shaped plants, and there are even types that come in a shade of purple.

Succulents are defined as "juicy" or fleshy plants by their name. Succulent plants have thick leaves or stems that are filled with fluids, nutrients, and water. These leaves enable the plant to grow in adverse environments all across the globe. Typically, these leaves have a glossy or leathery finish, and the texture protects them from moisture loss.

Cacti are considered succulents because they store water in the same manner as succulents. Some growths on cacti (called areoles), make them distinctive. These are technically compressed branches that are cushioned growing points. Spines, "wool" flowers, and offsets develop from the areoles.

Pereskia is the only genus of cactus consists of only about 4 species, look different than other types of cacti, and having many leaves. Even their stems look different than succulents.

Generally, cacti plants have globular or cylindrical bodies. Opuntias have round, segmented stems. Epiphyllums have strap-shaped stems. Many cacti have prominent spines, barbs, or bristles, and some even have woolly hair.

How to care for cactus succulents

Beautiful green cacti succulents arrangement

Caring for cacti succulents is very easy and similar to growing succulents. They generally require the same care as each other.

Caring for cacti is very easy you just need to ensure that there is enough water and fertilizer, light, and some ventilation. You can help your plant grow faster by giving it a good potting mix for cactus and succulent plants.

If you want to propagate your cactus plant all you have to do is remove a branch or a side shoot and place it into the soil, then cover with some soil and mist the area where the cutting has been placed. Hopefully, in a few weeks, you'll get a new cactus plant.

Here are the basic requirements for growing cacti succulents.

Its Soil should be well-draining and nutrients rich

Starting from the soil, it should be well-draining and nutrient-rich. It should be porous enough to retain moisture but well-drained to avoid standing water.

Most cactus species have shallow root systems and need a light potting mix with an ideal balance of water and air porosity.

Want to know more about succulents soil, check these resources

  1. Best Succulents and Cacti Soil
  2. Make your own (DIY) Succulents and Cacti Soil

Water your cactus sparingly

A good rule of thumb is that only water your cactus, when the soil is completely dry, or at least the top inches of the soil dries. Usually, it is once every 7-14 days depending on your environment.

Caring for cacti requires ensuring that they receive enough water to avoid dehydration but not so much as to cause root rot.

Succulents will need more frequent watering than other plants in the same pot, especially during the summer when their growth is very rapid. While in the dormant season, you can reduce watering.

Learn more about how often to water succulents.

Give it enough bright light/sunlight

In their native habitats, most cacti plants receive almost all-day sun. So in your area, you will need to provide them with similar types of light conditions to make them thrive.

The type of lighting you provide for these plants will depend on the species and their growing environment.

Be careful not to expose succulents and cacti to the full sun immediately after they have recovered from being indoors. It can cause sunburn that may result in deformities or even death.

Keep your desert cacti in hot temperature

Cactus plants should be kept in a location that is between 20°C and 30°C (68°F - 86°F) during the day with at least 12 hours of sunlight.

Cacti thrive in a wide range of temperatures, which varies depending on the species and the time of year. When cacti are in their active growth stage, they require temperatures ranging from 68°F to 86+°F.

In the winter, when they're dormant, they prefer colder temperatures, with an average low of 45°F. Cacti that are tolerant to cold can survive in frost as well.

Also, place them near an east-facing sunny window where they will receive plenty of light without too much heat buildup. The hot sun can burn their thin stems or leaves, while the full direct sun may cause deformities or other problems if they have mostly grown indoors.

Fertilize in its growing season

Fertilizing them in the spring and summer will help them grow strong vegetative bodies that are less susceptible to pests and diseases, which usually attack plants weakened by lack of nutrients.

Cacti are pretty responsive to fertilizers. You can fertilize your cactus plant once it has started growing after winter.

You can use a general-purpose fertilizer for cactus and succulents, feeding it once every month or two during the growing season.

Provide sufficient humidity

The ideal range of humidity varies by species, but generally, 50%-80% is a good place to start. Where possible, you should put the pot on a saucer of rocks and fill it with water so that the plant can draw water from the substrate as it needs it.

Humidity is essential to ensure your plant does not dehydrate.

If this is not possible, then misting or setting your container in a tray filled with pebbles and water is an alternative.

Transplant and Prune if needed

Cacti or succulents are mostly slow-growing, but they may outgrow a pot with time and they need to be transplanted into new bigger containers when these plants become root-bound or their growth slow down than normal.

For example, when you begin to see the white part of the stem (crown) at the soil line in spring, it is time for transplanting.

When transplanting succulents into new containers, be careful not to tear roots along the crevice between fleshy leaves.

Prune any dead or damaged parts of the plants before re-planting them in new pots. You can also prune your cacti to control its growth and/or propagate new cactuses.

Pests and Diseases of Cacti plants

While bacterial and fungal infections caused by overwatering are the most typical problems with cactus and succulents cultivated as houseplants, they do get occasional insect infestations. Scale, mealy bugs, and root mealybugs are the most prevalent pests. Spider mites and fungus gnats are less common insects to be concerned about.

The difference between cacti and succulents

Botanically cacti are succulents, but physically, there are some differences between cacti and other succulent plants.

  1. Cacti feature areoles with spines, thorns, or bristles, while most succulents do not have any special features.
  2. Cacti have rounder bodies, while succulents tend to be more oblong in shape.
  3. Generally, cacti have no leaves/foliage or very few.
  4. Cacti are native to America and Mexico, while succulents can be found on all over the world except Antarctica.
  5. Cacti are the most drought resistant plants on earth. They can withstand extremely arid conditions for months at a time without any rainfall or additional watering.

Different types of cacti and succulent plants

There are thousands of types of succulents and cacti. Some of them are toxic like the jade plant, some are good for hanging baskets (like "String of pearls" Senecio rowleyanus), while some other plants are edible and have health benefits (e.g. Aloe vera). Even some succulent types are considered cacti but in fact, they are not.

Some popular succulents which are mistaken as cacti include:

  1. Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadens)
  2. Euphorbia (Euphorbia obesa, E. milii and others)
  3. Huernia
  4. Agave (Agave americana)
  5. Ice plants, or Aizoaceae
  6. Haworthia (Haworthia cooperi and others)
  7. Pachypodium
  8. Stapeliads
  9. Gasteria
  10. Lithops
  11. Panda Plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Some cacti are edible, but many are toxic. If you want to consume cacti make sure you know which cacti are edible and not poisonous.

Some popular types of cacti include:

  1. Ferocactus Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus wislizenii)
  2. Crown cactus (Rebutia)
  3. Opuntia Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica or O. stricta)
  4. Ball cactus (Parodia)
  5. Cereus Peruvian Apple Cactus (Cereus peruvianus)
  6. Uebelmannia cactus (Uebelmannia)

Tips on planting cacti in the right place in your home or garden

  1. The best light conditions for indoor cacti is bright, indirect sunlight. If you cannot provide the full sun, the plant will do well with bright, filtered light.
  2. All desert cacti should be planted in a well-drained soil. The best mix includes two parts potting soil to one part coarse sand.
  3. Make sure you use a container with drainage holes. If water stays in the soil in your pots instead of draining through, it will drown your cacti and cause root rot or ugly brown spots on their leaves.
  4. Desert Cacti can be planted in outdoor gardens when night-time temperatures are above 55F (13 C).
  5. To overwinter cacti in the garden, reduce watering in early autumn when they are transitioning to their winter dormant state.
  6. Desert Cacti and forest cacti for indoors should be watered about every two weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Water less frequently in fall and winter, when they are in their resting stage.
  7. Cactus succulents can easily survive periods of drought, so it is best to be a little bit on the underwater side instead.
  8. Cacti, especially, Desert Cacti do not need very much fertilizer. Feed them once or twice during the growing season only, using an all-purpose houseplant food diluted to half strength.
  9. Do not fertilize in fall and winter because it could encourage growth at a time when your cacti need to be dormant.
  10. Generally, forest cacti have trailing nature having large flowers. So they're ideal for hanging baskets display.
  11. Desert cacti are beautiful and delicate, with a distinctive, elegant beauty. Some of the desert cactus bloom with the most exquisite blooms in the plant kingdom.
  12. Larger plants look best in pots of their own.
  13. You can propagate a wide variety of cacti and succulents by just cuttings.
  14. If you provide your cacti conditions like their natural environment, they will flourish in it. Some will also bloom with pink, Blue, Purple, Brown & Green, or white flowers. (flower color and time varies on its type)

Conclusion

Cacti are a family of plants or a sub-category of plants in Succulents plants. They need excellent care to flourish. Cactus plant tend to be more drought-resistant than other plant life, so they can withstand extremely arid conditions for months at a time without any rainfall or additional watering.

Succulent plants require regular watering in order to stay healthy because many succulents store water in their leaves or roots rather than having true stems.

More importantly, cacti have spines while most succulents do not. Therefore you can easily pick the one that is best suited for your home's landscaping after knowing the difference.

FAQs about Cacti & Succulents

Are succulents the same as cactus?

Basically, the cactus is a sub-category of succulents.

How do you take care of cactus and succulents?

Simply provide them what they need, i.e. Use well-draining soil, water regularly but let the soil completely dry, place them in bright light or where it gets indirect sun, fertilize during spring and summer, replant if they become bigger than their containers, and reduce watering & fertilizer during winter dormant season.

Do cactus succulents need sunlight?

Yes, most cacti need indirect sunlight, or a bright light if grown indoors. They thrive in a bright light source. It is best to keep them in the east-facing window, so the hotter sun rays won't damage your plant foliage.

How much sunlight do cactus succulents need?

Succulents and cacti require 10 to 14 hours of sunlight a day, on average.

Are succulents and cacti the same?

No, succulents are fat-stemmed plants while cacti are fleshier with long spines on the body. Cacti are a sub-category (family) of Succulents.

How do you care and grow cactus succulents?

First of all, it needs well-draining soil, bright location but indirect sunlight. Water moderately, fertilize during spring and summer only, propagate if bigger than its container. Reduce watering and fertilizing during the winter dormant phase.

Are cactus succulents good for home?

They are great for low-maintenance indoor plants. It is good to be put in the east-facing window so they get the maximum amount of sunlight. They can survive through the winter by reducing watering and fertilizing.

What is the difference between a cactus and a succulent?

A cactus is a family or sub-category in a bigger category, called, Succulents. Generally, cactus succulents have long spines while succulents do not. Both need optimal conditions to thrive, i.e. good draining soil, bright location but indirect sunlight, water moderately, reduce watering and fertilizing during the winter dormant phase.

Cactus succulents are succulents that have spines. Succulent plants are not cacti even though they look like them. They only have left to help them retain moisture and store water. The easiest way to tell the difference is by looking at the leaves. Cacti have spines and round bodies while most succulents don't.

How often should you water cacti and succulents?

Watering frequency depends on the type of container, location, and time of year. Generally speaking, winter dormant plants require less watering than summer active ones.

Water your indoor plants once every one to two weeks during the winter.

20+ Popular Flowering Succulents

Succulents are one of the most popular plants to grow because they're so easy to care for. They require very little water and sunlight, which means you don't have to do much at all!

There is a huge variety of different types of succulent plants that produce flowers. These blooming succulents will give your indoor environment another layer of delicate beauty.

Here we'll show you over 20 popular flowering succulent varieties along with their best qualities-so you can pick whichever one strikes your fancy!

What are succulent plants

A succulent plant is a water-storing, slow-growing plant with fleshy leaves. Succulents are referred to as sedums and they’re used as a groundcover or as an ornamental accent for your indoor garden or outdoor landscaping. They come in many varieties from those with beautiful leaves to the ones with the most colorful blooms you've ever seen!

In general, succulents look very appealing and soothing due to their ability to store water that other plants need tons of resources. This makes these fellows a perfect fit for planting indoors as they require minimum maintenance.

20+ popular flowering succulents

  1. Crassula Ovata 'Jade Plant'
  2. Crassula Rupestris "Baby's Necklace"
  3. Christmas Cactus Plants
  4. Crassula Perforata 'String of Buttons'
  5. Euphorbia Milli
  6. Kalanchoe (also called Florist Kalanchoe or Flaming Katy)
  7. Senecio Rowleyanus 'String of Pearls'
  8. Peanut Cactus
  9. Ruby Ball Cactus (Also called Moon Cactus, Red Cap Cactus)
  10. Tacitus Bellus
  11. Sempervivum Arachnoideum 'Cobweb Hens and Chicks'
  12. Ice Plant
  13. Adenium desert rose plant
  14. Echeveria "Afterglow"
  15. Aloe Plants
  16. Aeonium 'Blushing Beauty'
  17. Graptopetalum Paraguayense 'Ghost Plant'
  18. Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi'
  19. Sedum Rubrotinctum 'Jelly Bean Plant'
  20. Sedum Treleasei
  21. Echeveria Doris Taylor

Crassula Ovata 'Jade Plant'

Crassula Ovata 'Jade Plant' Blooming

Crassula Ovata “Jade Plant” originated in eastern Asia. It has long, slightly angled leaves that are fleshy. This variety of succulents is also known as the Jade Tree or Money Tree and is sometimes mistaken with other bonsai trees.

Crassula Ovata is an excellent flowering succulent species for both indoor and outdoor use. The bloom of the Jade plant is small but lovely. It has white-pinkish color star-like flowers that you can enjoy in the late winter to early spring.

Don't fertilize or water. As a result, Jade plants begin to blossom because they view this as a period of rest.

Crassula Rupestris "Baby's Necklace"

Crassula Rupestris Baby Necklace blooming

Crassula Rupestris also called “Baby’s Necklace” is native to South Africa. This succulent has a thick stem and like other members of the Crassulaceae family, it contains water-storing leaves.

Crassula Rupestris "Baby's Necklace" blooms in summer with beautiful star-shaped pale pink flowers clusters during late spring to early summer.

Crassula Baby Necklace is an excellent variety of indoor succulents and attracts butterflies. Be aware, though, that it can become quite large with age if it's potted in the right conditions.

Christmas Cactus

Thanksgiving cactus (schlumbergera truncata) blooming

One of the most popular flowering succulents loved almost worldwide, Christmas cacti are known as Thanksgiving & Easter cactus (holiday cactus) due to their blooming times. They're native to Brazil but produce stunning red, white, and pinkish flowers.

These are actually 3 different species, but all are known to be the same.

Christmas cactus is a popular choice for indoor succulents gardeners as it does not require too much effort & time.

Christmas Cactus blooms during fall with slightly pinkish flowers that darken with age. The flower clusters are large and stunning, but not fragrant.

Holiday cacti are excellent plants for any room in your home with medium lighting.

Crassula Perforata 'String of Buttons'

Crassula Perforata (String of Buttons) bloom

Crassula Perforata is sometimes called the “String of Buttons”, its natural habitat is South Africa. This species has the smallest leaves among the Crassulaceae family which grow in rosettes that are fleshy and jointed.

The String Of Buttons produces small clusters of white and yellow flowers that can be seen during spring to summer.

Don't fertilize or water it until the soil is dry. It's best for indoor use but tolerates temperatures of up to 70 °F (~21 °C).

Euphorbia Milii (also called christ plant)

Euphorbia Milii bloom

This woody succulent is native to the tropical regions of Africa including South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique & Madagascar. It's also known as the "Crown of Thorn" and "christ plant" due to the thorns and deep red bracts.

Euphorbia Milii produces flowers in varieties of colors, mostly in cream, pink, white, and bi-colors. The blooming season is winter to early spring.

This is one of the most popular flowering succulents, so it's easy to find this for sale in any garden center.

It's great for indoor use as long as you provide bright lighting & fertilize every 2 weeks.

Kalanchoe (also called Flaming Katy)

Kalanchoe bloom

Also known as "Flaming Katy" or "Widow's-thrill" because of its colorful and vibrant blooms. These succulents are tropical plants from Madagascar. They have fleshy leaves with serrated edges.

Their flowering season is late winter to late spring with small clusters of different colors of flowers. They come in red, orange, green, white, pink, lilac, salmon, bi-colored, and yellow flowers varieties. These flowers are attractive to bees & butterflies.

Kalanchoe is a photoperiodic succulent, which means it responds to changes in light. To produce the maximum amount of blooms, provide Kalanchoe with 12 hours of sunshine and 12 hours of total darkness.

Kalanchoe is a genus of about 125 species of tropical. They are among the best flowering succulents. The most beautiful ones with colorful flowers including

  1. Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana
  2. Kalanchoe pumila (Flower Dust Plant)
  3. Pendent Flowered Kalanchoe
  4. Beach Bells
  5. Coral Bells
  6. Kalanchoe Calandiva
  7. Kalanchoe rhombopilosa var. virdifolia (Pies from Heaven) - You'll love its leaves

Senecio Rowleyanus 'String of Pearls'

Senecio Rowleyanus (String of Pearls) Bloom

Senecio rowleyanus is often known as "string of pearls" is an interesting creeping, perennial, succulent vine with long trailing stems and rosettes of fleshy leaves. Its natural habitat is southwest Africa.

The String of Pearls produces white trumpet-shaped daisy-like flowers studded with long red stamens and bright yellow anthers during summer. It has small greenish buds that open up into tiny white fuzzy flowers paired with string-like leaves along the branch.

Make sure you keep your succulent plant well ventilated as it'll help it grow better. It can withstand a few degrees of frost.

Fertilize regularly & water only when the soil is completely dry. It blooms during spring and prefers bright indoor lighting.

Trailing succulents like String of Pearls are perfect for hanging baskets for home, office, or outdoor as long as you provide it with enough sunlight and warm temperatures.

Peanut Cactus

Peanut Cactus bloom

The Peanut Cactus is a low-growing succulent that produces clusters of deep pink flowers on the ends of each branch during fall. Native to South Africa, these species have soft stems which are shaped like peanuts.

It's easy to grow succulent, but it does require bright light indoors & fertilize every 2 weeks. Keep the soil moist and avoid overwatering it.

Ruby Ball Cactus (Also called Moon Cactus, Red Cap Cactus)

Pink ruby ball cactus bloom

This succulent is almost cylindrically shaped having no spines. Native to Madagascar, this species has a long Year-round blooming season.

Ruby ball cactus (Gymnocalycium mihanovichii) is a grafted specimen that grows on top of other species, often a Hylocereus cactus.

The maximum life of this plant is about up to 5 years, even for the best grafts. Because the moon cactus growth is slower than the base.

But overall, it's easy to grow succulent, and if it is cared for better, then life can be extended or some must be re-grafted on another specimen. It is worth adding to your succulent collection.

Check out the best indoor cacti types.

Tacitus Bellus (Graptopetalum bellum)

Tacitus Bellus (Graptopetalum bellum) bloom

Tacitus Bellus, commonly known as Chihuahua Flower, produces red flowers from May to July.

Tacitus Bellus succulent has five dark pink or crimson petals with light-red and white stamens at the center. This succulent flower blooms in late spring to early summer. If given proper care, the flower may endure several weeks.

For flowering, it requires a low temperature in Spring for at least a month. I.e. less than 15 °C (59 °F). It can also survive a short period at even −15 °C (5 °F) if kept totally dry.

Sempervivum Arachnoideum 'Cobweb Hens and Chicks'

Sempervivum Arachnoideum (Cobweb Hens and Chicks) Bloom

Sempervivum arachnoideum (known as Emily Cobweb house-leek, Hens and Chicks) is a low-growing, mat-forming evergreen perennial succulent plant native to mountains of southern Europe. This species has no stem and forms mats of rosettes that are 1/2" tall x 3" wide.

They do well in a rock garden or container with porous, well-drained soil. They perform best in bright light (to full sun) and depending on the variety can tolerate temperatures below freezing.

Sempervivum arachnoideum Cobweb Hens and Chicks blooms in mid-summer to fall with racemes of pinkish-red flowers.

Emily's flower is star-shaped and has a brilliant pink hue. The bloom occurs throughout the summer, usually towards the end of July. The flower sits on a tall stem and has both male and female components, making it easy to pollinate.

Ice Plant (Delosperma cooperi)

Ice Plant (Delosperma cooperi) bloom

Trailing Iceplant, Delosperma cooperi (Syn. Mesembryanthemum cooperi), hardy ice plants, or pink carpet, are tiny perennial, colonizing plants, native to South Africa that forms a dense lawn with long-lasting blooms.

The fleshy leaves of the Ice plant give them a glistening appearance. These beautiful daisy-like flowering succulents produce a huge number of vermillion, magenta, or pink blooms.

The Ice Plant blooms from spring to summer, depending on the growing conditions. It prefers full sun, but it'll grow well with a partial shade too.

Adenium desert rose plant

Adenium desert rose plant bloom

The Adenium obesum, also known as the desert rose or Sabi star is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae.

It's been successfully grown all over the world as an ornamental and has been naturalized on some Indian Ocean islands. Native to tropical East Africa south of the Sahel, from Sudan to Mozambique.

These succulent flowers are normally up to 2 to 3 inches – with a shade of red, white, yellow, or pink bract that is often referred to as being "rose-like". The blooms last a long time.

The Adenium desert rose plant does well in full sunlight for most of the day and requires little watering once established.

This plant may be maintained in a container but it grows up to six feet tall. There's also a miniature variety known as desert rose bonsai that blooms at the top and seems like a tiny tree.

Echeveria "Afterglow"

Echeveria Afterglow bloom

Echeveria 'Afterglow' is a flowering succulent plant and has become one of the most popular houseplants in recent years. It's a gorgeous succulent with broad, powdery pinkish-lavender rosettes and a brighter pink border.

The flowers come in brilliant crimson-orange color during summer, which emerges from beneath the lower leaves or, in some cases, as a terminal spike.

Echeveria Afterglow can be grown indoors and outdoors and it's great for beginners because it doesn't need much care.

Aloe Plants

Aloe Vera bloom

Aloe plants are great for indoor or outdoor use, in part because they can tolerate both extreme heat and cold. They also require very little care once established.

The best thing about the Aloe plant is that it's often used to treat burns because of its natural healing properties.

Aloe flowers come in many colors including yellow, red, or white depending on your variety and they bloom about year-round depending on where you live. It blooms from spring and can last through the summer heat.

Aeonium 'Blushing Beauty'

Aeonium Blushing Beauty Bloom

Aeonium 'Blushing Beauty' is a popular choice for indoor use including in window boxes and flower pots. Most cultivars have striking variegated leaves that add interesting textures to the garden or container.

The flowers bloom from the center of the rosette and create lengthy flower stalks, as is the case with most aeoniums. They typically produce pink or yellow flowers that can be quite eye-catching. When it blooms, the mother plant where the flower originates dies. But the offsets will continue to grow until they produce a flower stalk.

Graptopetalum Paraguayense 'Ghost Plant'

Graptopetalum Paraguayense (Ghost Plant) Bloom

Graptopetalum paraguayense or ghost plant is a perennial succulent native to Mexico. The leaves of the Ghost Plant are thick, flat, and pointed. The pattern of the leaves creates the intricate form of the rosettes.

The ghost plant usually blooms from Spring to Summer. It has beautiful white and yellow star-shaped flowers that go great with pastel colors.

Graptosedum 'Francesco Baldi'

Graptosedum Francesco Baldi Bloom

Graptosedum Francesco Baldi is a Graptopetalum paraguayense (Ghost plant) + Sedum pachyphyllum (Green Jelly beans) hybrid.

This plant features light-green leaves with pastel blue, lavender, and pink veins. The flowers are star-shaped and white or yellow in color.

The Francesco Baldi Graptosedum (Darley Sunshine) blooms from early spring to late summer.

Sedum Rubrotinctum 'Jelly Bean Plant' (Blue Green)

Sedum Rubrotinctum (Jelly Bean Plant) Bloom

Sedum rubrotinctum 'Jelly Bean Plant,' native to Mexico, produces small plump bean-shaped green leaves.

When agitated or exposed to more sunshine or harsh winter, the tips change color to a deep crimson. These plants produce cheerful little star-shaped yellow blooms from winter to spring.

Sedum Treleasei

Sedum Treleasei Rose Bloom

Sedum Treleasei is a variety of Sedum, native to Mexico. It has plump, blue-green leaves that are compacted firmly around its stem. More light exposer may turn the leaves light green to yellowish at the tips.

It produces bright yellow star-shaped flowers from winter to spring.

Echeveria Doris Taylor

Echeveria Doris Taylor Bloom

Echeveria Doris Taylor has broad, powdery pinkish-lavender rosettes and a brighter pink border.

The flowers change to a brilliant crimson-orange color during summer, which emerges from beneath the lower leaves or, in some cases, as a terminal spike.

It can be grown indoors and outdoors and it's great for beginners because it doesn't need much care. The actual bloom time is between spring and fall.

Conclusion

Succulents are easy plants to care for because they don't need much water or sunlight. They're great, low-maintenance plants that can be grown indoors or outdoors! But with blooms, these plants look a lot beautiful than usual.

To encourage flowering succulent blooms, you'll want to provide more light and less water than usual.

For best results with your indoor garden of succulents, make sure the soil is well-drained but provides enough nutrients.

For more in-depth info, please check out the caring and growing succulents indoor guide

Frequently Asked Questions

Which succulents die after flowering?

Monocarpic plants are those that bloom once, then die after flowering and setting seeds.

Most aeoniums and sempervivums are among the monocarpic succulents. They produce eye-catching blooms. The bloom stalk comes out of the center of the plant’s rosette. During maturity, the whole plant seems to be transformed into one long flower stalk.

Monocarpic succulents are some of the best flowering succulents, as their flowers are vibrant and hard to miss. They stay in bloom for weeks and even months. But the plant dies after blooming once.

Agave Vilmoriniana, Kalanchoe Lucia, Aechmea Blanchetiana, and Agave Victoriana are monocarpic plants that flower once and die.

When to trim a flowering succulent?

Succulents require trimming to produce the best results. Succulents should be trimmed early in the spring before they start blooming. This helps a plant give more energy to the flower, resulting in stronger, healthier, and beautiful flowers.

Succulents can also be trimmed throughout the fall or winter when their blooming generally slows down and they enter a dormant stage. Remove extra leaves from the succulent plant during this period.

What stimulates succulents to bloom?

Light: Lots of sunlight during the day and complete darkness at night encourages flowering in succulents. When caring for indoor plants, place them near a window for 10-12 hours per day. Then move it somewhere darker such as in the basement where there is complete darkness.

Water: During blooming, decrease watering and stop fertilizing the succulents as this encourages foliage growth rather than flowers.

Blooming: Most succulents bloom in spring to summertime; some succulents bloom in fall. Know the variety and its usual blooming cycle.

Note: Not all succulents will bloom or produce bloom stalks.

What to do with flowering succulents?

Succulents bloom require special care, but we can take steps to make the bloom last longer. Most succulents are picky when they flower, i.e. you must give optimum care and temperature to encourage blossoming.

Flowering succulents are attractive to insects, such as aphids that can damage the bloom and the plant. Spray the succulent with an organic herbicide or a solution of water and alcohol mixed horticulture soap.

Most succulents lift their flowers high into the air on arching stems (bloom stalks), so the insects locate them easily.

How to care for blooming succulents?

If you want your succulents to flower, you'll need to take care of it a bit more to maintain and encourage the flowering.

Light, Water, Fertilizer, and Soil are some factors that you'll need to adjust while growing succulents and encourage your succulent blooms.

How much light is required for succulents to blooming?

Usually, succulents prefer to be exposed to sunshine, and most thrive in full direct sunlight or partial light. So keep them near an eastern or southern window. But if you're in a hot location, place the succulent in the shade to avoid unwanted flower burn-out.

Depending on your succulent species type, provide enough sunlight during the day, and keep it in total darkness during the night.

How often to Water flowering succulents?

Succulents store water in their body, as this is how a drought-tolerant plant survive. But watering too much to flowering succulents may lead to root rot and cause their flowers to wither and fall off.

So during blooming, decrease watering, as this will trigger its blooming growth. Always water when the soil is dried out. I.e. it is usually once every 2 weeks depending on your environment.

Should you fertilize when succulent flowers?

Usually, it is better to avoid fertilizing (especially in winter dormancy season or whatever dormant season for your plant is). But when it’s flowering, you can add little fertilizer, containing more phosphorous. But if your soil is nutrients rich, you can avoid it.

What Soil should be used to better bloom succulents?

Succulents love to have airy and well-draining soil as it doesn't like damp clays. At the same time, it should be able to provide enough nutrients to the plant.

Plant Life Cycles: Perennial vs Annual vs Biennial

All flowering plants follow the same basic steps in their growth cycle described as germination, vegetative growth, and reproduction. The time between each phase can vary depending on the type of plant.

Some plants grow back every year, some need to be replanted yearly and others take two years to flower.

These different types of flowering plant life cycles come from their root systems. Here you'll learn what each type means, as well as how they differ with time and growth patterns.

Annual Plants

Annual plants complete a single lifecycle (i.e. germinate, flower, & set seed) in one growing season before they die.

Each year, they complete the same life cycle that starts with germination in spring or early summer, continues with vegetative growth, and finishes with reproduction (seed formation). When winter comes, annual plants die off and prepare to start their life cycle anew the next growing season.

They grow a taproot system that allows them to emerge from drought conditions because of their deep root structure.

They complete their growth cycle quickly because they don't have a special method to store energy, nutrients, or preserve moisture. So they require more maintenance and attention, especially soil preparation, weeding, and fertilizing.

Some examples of popular annuals include:

  1. Vegetables (lettuce, radish, peas, spinach)
  2. Flowers (snapdragon, marigold, impatiens)
  3. Grains (wheat, barley, rice)

Types of Annuals

Not all annuals follow the same growth patterns or time frames. There are three types of annuals:

  1. Cool-season annuals (Hardy annuals)
  2. Warm-season annuals (Tender annuals)
  3. Half-hardy annuals

Cool-Season (Hardy) Annuals:

Hardy annuals can be planted and will grow from early spring to fall. These germinate quickly and thrive during the cool/moderate temperature months of spring and autumn before dying off in winter under frost or snow.

These are used as winter bedding plants because they're cheap and easy to grow.

Some examples of hardy annuals include:

Warm-Season Annuals (Tender Annuals):

Tender annuals germinate quickly and thrive in warmer climates, but don't survive under frosts or snow.

They grow best when temperatures stay above 65 degrees Fahrenheit and require a lot of watering in the summer months to survive.

Some examples of Tender annual flowers include:

Half-Hardy Annuals:

These are halfway hardy and the most common ones. They can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, including those during the end or the start of the gardening time.

Are Planting Annuals Good for You?

  1. Most annuals have a long bloom season. They typically bloom all year until frost.
  2. Growing annuals in your garden is good to experiment with new plants, color schemes, and long lasting beauty (but it fades the second year).
  3. They are perfect for temporary filling up bare spots in your garden or containers.
  4. Many annuals can be added to a vegetable garden for filling bare spots or containers with beauty and attract pollinators.
  5. They mature more quickly than perennials or biennials. They bloom from planting to frost and in some cases beyond. They give quicker results.
  6. They totally concentrate on producing flowers. So if you desire a lot of blossoms in your garden, choose them.

Biennial Plants

Biennial plants complete a single growth cycle in two growing seasons. They spend their first growing season preparing for their second season by storing energy in their bulb or roots. In their second season, they produce flowers and drop seeds that complete their lifecycle, and hopefully, blooms from a new generation will come up.

When it comes to the roots of these types of plants they don't have the same root system as annuals, but they do have secondary roots called a fibrous root system.

This is beneficial because it increases the number of nutrients and water that the plant can absorb, which makes it easier for them to survive long droughts.

Some examples of biennial plants include:

  1. Garlic
  2. Onions
  3. Carrots

Perennial Plants

Unlike their counterparts, perennial plants return year after year. Their seeds ripen when the blooms have finished and the petals have fallen away.

Perennials grow three different types of root systems:

Tap: A long main running stem that produces smaller offshoots from the tip. This is found in plants that grow into large trees or shrubs.

Fibrous: A network of roots that grows radially from a central stem. These can be further divided into smaller groups called 'fascicles' which are located either at the edge or in the middle of the root. This is found in plants that grow into smaller bushes or ground cover, such as lavender and thyme.

Rhizome: A horizontal stem above or below ground that shoots out roots from side buds. These are commonly called "creeping roots" because they grow close to the surface. This is found in plants that grow as ground cover, such as English ivy.

These three different types of root systems allow perennials to live a long time. But don't expect them to live forever, some may live for only up to 5 years.

Perennials tend to have more modest flowers and bloom for a shorter period of time, usually just two to six weeks before the ground freezes.

Some examples of perennials include:

  1. Trees (maple, rose, pine)
  2. Shrubs (lavender, thyme)
  3. Ground Cover (English ivy)

Why Choose Perennials?

  1. Perennial flowers return year after year, so its a good investment.
  2. Most perennials need less care once planted.
  3. Perennials are relatively less messy due to less dropping of their leaves.
  4. They can be propagated by division or seeding if some perennials have not a long life span. But check the plant labels first.
  5. Perennials endure harsher conditions and colder weather.
  6. Trees are the best example of perennials as they live for decades or centuries.
  7. Most perennials require less water once established, which is particularly beneficial to gardeners in arid regions who wish to save water.
  8. Planting native perennials not only provides a beautiful landscape, but it also attracts pollinators and local wildlife.

Annuals vs Biennials vs Perennials Comparison Table

Here is a simple comparison table of Biennial, Annual and Perennial.

FactsAnnualsPerennialsBiennials
Life Span1 Year3+ Years2 Years
Planting SeasonUsually, spring to fall (seed can also be grown in winter)Spring or early fall (difficult to establish in summer)Autumn or Spring
Cold HardinessMostly cold-tolerantVaries, but most can surviveSurvive average frost
Flowering TimeSame year flowerEvery year flowerFollowing spring flower
Propagation TypeMostly by seedsSeed and cuttingSeed, bulb, tubing

Life Cycle of Different Plants

Perennial plants tend to live the longest only because of their complex roots and foliage color, texture, form, and bloom time.

Biennials and annuals complete their life cycle quickly for this reason: more maintenance is required.

However, there's no specific way to tell which plant is which, but with this basic information you can look at the roots or type of foliage to make a good guess.

With so many different types of plants, it's important to keep them sorted in order to maintain your garden green all year long.

Conclusion

Perennial, biennial and annual plants all differ in the way that they grow and how fast or slow their life cycle is.

Annuals live for just one season but require regular replanting. Biennials take two seasons before they start flowering and need a lot of preparation beforehand such as being watered frequently.

Whereas perennial plants live for a long time and have several different systems to maintain their position in your garden or yard.

FAQs

What is plants classification by growth cycle?

This classification determines how long they live and what type of environment they thrive in. Some are perennials, meaning that they will keep growing back every year. Whereas annuals need to be replanted yearly, and biennials will take two years.

Habitat is also important to consider when planting a plant as some prefer full sun while others prefer shade or dry spells. All these factors play into determining which type of plant you should choose for your personal garden.

What to grow in Drought Prone Areas?

Drought-prone areas are more susceptible to developing fungus and disease in a plant. In some cases, people also add a small amount of bleach to the water when watering to avoid further damage occurring to the plant. In dry spells areas, cacti and succulents typically grow.

Difference between Annual, Perennial, and Biennial?

The difference between annual, perennial, and biennial is the time they take to grow. Annual will need to be replanted yearly, whereas perennials will keep growing every year. Biennial usually takes two years before they flower.

Succulent Plant

Succulents are a group of plants with some of the most interesting leaves in the plant world. They grow in a way that requires less water and provides more surface area for photosynthesis to take place. This makes them great for people without a lot of spare time or space to take care of plants.

They're perfect for someone who wants to add green to their living space but doesn't have the time, energy, or room needed to take care of a larger plant. In this article, we'll touch on some fun facts about succulents, their types, where they live in nature, and how to take care of them.

What are succulents?

succulents in nature
succulents in nature

The term "succulent" refers to any species of plant that can survive in dry climates. The word succulent comes from the Latin word sucus meaning juice or sap. This is because succulents are extremely strong and can retain water for long periods of time.

Most of them are (native to, and) usually found in places like South Africa, Australia, Mexico, South America, and many Pacific Islands.

The reason why these plants are able to grow in places where there's little water is because of succulent plants' unique ability to store moisture within their leaves and stems. The leaves are filled with many microscopic spaces that collect water like a sponge. When the soil around them dries up, the plant will hold onto the water it's stored and can go long periods of time without water from the soil.

Definition of succulents

Succulent plants are drought-tolerant plants with fleshy leaves, stems, or roots that have developed additional water-storing tissue. While some other sources exclude roots from the definition.

So, if roots are excluded, many Geophytes (plants living in harsh seasons as resting buds on underground organs like bulbs & corms), would also be classified as succulents.

Plants living in dry climates, e.g. succulents, are termed Xerophytes.

[ Source Wikipedia ]

Difference between Succulents and Cacti

Succulent vs Cactus
Succulent vs Cactus

Technically, cacti are a specific type of succulent family, but they're not the same as all other kinds of succulents. There are significant differences between them that set cacti apart from other succulents.

Cacti are distinct in that they have spines on their leaves, and most cacti are native to desert climates. While most other types of succulents have a smoother surface that doesn't have sharp points.

It is worth noting, almost all Cacti are considered succulents, but not all succulents are cacti.

General Appearance of Succulents

Succulent appearance

A succulent plant exterior is designed to help them survive in harsh climates with little water. They often have thick and fleshy leaves so that they can store as much water as possible to get through the dry season. This leaves succulents with a thick and wrinkled appearance.

Since succulents grow in such harsh climates, they also have developed special features to protect themselves from being eaten by animals or burned by the sun. Many of them produce a waxy coating on their leaves which prevents water loss and protects it from the elements.

This often makes succulent plants look shiny with smooth, tear-shaped leaves or flattened leaf tips that make them easier to grasp.

Where do succulents live in nature (Native Habitat)?

Succulents in nature, big aloe vera plants in nature
Succulents in nature

Being such hardy and adaptable plants, succulents can be found just about anywhere in nature. One of the most common habitats they're found is in sites with high temperatures and low rainfall, like deserts.

This makes sense because most places with extremely dry climates in the world will have a large number of succulents living there and using their special traits to survive.

They also grow well in grasslands and mountain regions where there's very little rainfall throughout the year. Basically, any region where there's not a lot of water is likely to be filled with succulents.

Succulents live in a variety of other habitats, they thrive in regions that are exposed to high levels of dissolved minerals (e.g. sea coasts and dry lakes) that are harmful to other plants.

Succulents come in all shapes and sizes

Succulents combination in a glass container
Succulents combination in a glass container

There are thousands upon thousands of different types of succulent plants with different colors and blooms out there. It may seem like they're all basically the same plant, but many of them have unique features that make each plant look and behave differently from the rest.

Many succulents are small enough to fit in a pot on your windowsill, while others grow as tall as trees. In fact, the largest types of succulents can even be classified as trees, since they can grow to be about a hundred feet tall (e.g. Adansonia digitata).

Families and Genera of Succulents

Succulent plants have been broken up into plant orders, families, and genera by scientists to better organize them.

There are some types of succulents that don't fit into these categories, so they've been put in their own family. These unique succulents make up the family Pedaliaceae.

Succulents may be found in a variety of plant families. Currently, there are about 60 plant families that contain succulents. Some of those succulent families include:

  1. Cactaceae (cactus)
  2. Aizoaceae (mesembs)
  3. Crassulaceae (stonecrops, jade plants and succulent perennial flowers)
  4. Pedaliaceae (sundews and bladderworts)
  5. Hymenophyllaceae (filmy ferns: 1 genus, Hymenophyllum)
  6. Glossulariaceae (glossularia)
  7. Acanthaceae (acanthus, a spiky family of plants: 1 genus, Acanthus )
  8. Portulacariaceae (purslane family: 2 genera , Portulaca and Claytonia )

Some species have been moved to other families, so if this article lists the family as, for example, Crassulaceae and you search for it online, you may find some resources saying it's in the Stonecrop family (Crassulaceae is now a subfamily of the Saxifragaceae).

The list of succulent genera is as below.

  1. Aloe
  2. Agave
  3. Echeveria
  4. Aeonium
  5. Crassula
  6. Euphorbia
  7. Haworthia
  8. Sedum
  9. Gasteria
  10. Graptopetalum
  11. Kalanchoe
  12. Mammillaria
  13. Opuntia
  14. Other
  15. Sedum
  16. Senecio
  17. Sempervivum

Growing succulents (Cultivation)

growing and transplanting succulents

Due to their attractive shape, colors, and blooms, succulents are favored as houseplants and, when planted together in a pot, make a striking display. Succulents need less but regular watering and should be kept in at least partial sunlight. They are not generally frost-hardy and need to be kept in temperatures above freezing.

Aesthetically they can provide a modern or zen feeling to an indoor room. They come in many colors, textures, shapes, and sizes making them great house plants for almost every type of people.

Pro Tips: To propagate succulent species, you need to provide its native habitats-like conditions to keep it thriving. You also need to give it nutrients (during spring and summer, i.e. growing season), regular watering, and plant in enough sunlight site to make it thriving.

Learn more about how to grow succulents and cactus while living in any country.

Propagating succulents (Reproduction)

Succulents can be propagated by different methods. These include stem cutting, leaf-cutting, division, and seeds.

The most popular technique is propagating by stem or leaf cuttings. In stem cutting, several inches of stem with leaves are removed and after healing, callus is produced. Then after about 2 weeks, roots may appear.

To propagate by leaf-cutting, simply a healthy bottom leaf is removed from the parent plant. Then, it is placed in a place for some time to dry and heal its wound, before placing on potting soil. After some weeks, it grows small leaves then into a new plant. Many people use this method to produce new plants.

In the Division method, a stem with its roots is pulled up from a tangled clump and then transplanted into its new home. [highest success growth rate].

Please note: Succulent and cactus propagation may differ depending on succulent plant type. Propagation should be done in their growing season (usually spring and summer) and indoors.

Types of Succulent Plants

different types of succulents in container garden
different types of succulents in a container garden

Succulent plants are low-maintenance plants. they don't need much water, light, or soil in order to thrive and grow. The variety of colors and sizes make it easy to find the perfect plant for any space you might want to decorate!

One can find succulent types for growing indoors or in outdoor gardens.

Indoor succulents

Golden Barrel Cactus — Echinocactus Grusonii

These types of succulents can tolerate low light conditions. With a lack of sunlight, most succulents still do well in homes with windows that receive only a couple of hours of natural light daily.

These succulents usually grow to be about 6-12 inches tall and wide, depending on their species type. Also, they can live in containers on tabletops or next to smaller houseplants like cacti and other succulents.

Outdoor succulents

Organ pipe cactus — Stenocereus Thurberi

These types of succulents usually grow much larger than indoor ones. They need more direct sun and room to grow.

They make great options for outdoor planters or garden beds. They can be small shrubs up to 4-feet tall and wide or like big trees depending on the variety.

Hardy succulents plant species

Hens-and-chicks (Sempervivum tectorum or Echeveria elegans)

Most succulents can not withstand very cold temperatures, but there are a few that can. They usually live in dry areas with freezing winter months.

They can also survive both bright and hot conditions, but they do require some shade during the hotter season.

Only two genera of succulents are known to be able to tolerate freezing temperatures. Those are Sempervivums and Stonecrop Sedums. Sempervivums are commonly called "hens and chicks". Stonecrop sedum species are ever-green. They flower in early summer and turn red during fall, winter, and drought.

Edible succulents

Barbary Fig — Opuntia ficus-indica

Some succulents are edible and considered healthy food options. They usually carry some health benefits that are not easily found in other leafy greens.

Some of these succulents include

  1. Aloe Vera plant
  2. Prickly Pear (Opuntia Ficus-Indica)
  3. Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea)
  4. Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus wislizeni)
  5. Sedum Morganianum

Healing abilities of succulents

Medicine plant (Aloe vera)

Succulents that grow in dry climates/warm temperatures usually store water in their leaves, stems, and root system. This is why they are great for people with dry skin because the moisture they retain has skin-benefiting vitamins.

Succulents have been used for centuries to cure wounds, burns, stomachaches, and other ailments. Aloe vera and yucca are two of the most well-known medicinal plants. The juice and gel from several parts of aloe vera plants have medical uses, as do certain compounds in the leaves.

Common Problems with Growing Succulents

Succulents are very easy to care for, but a few issues could ruin their appearance or kill them. The most common ones are listed below.

Conclusion

Succulents are a wonderful, low-maintenance plant for someone who is always on the go. With little water and light needed to thrive, they're perfect for someone with minimal space or time.

Succulent plants come in so many sizes and colors that you can find one no matter what personal space you want to decorate! Also, these plants have been used as medicine since ancient times because of their ability to store water.

Just remember succulents don't tolerate very cold weather at all--only two genera are known to be able to withstand freezing temperatures!

Don't forget to leave a comment below, letting me know what you think! Also, feel free to share any other tips or facts you have about the succulent plants in the comments. Thanks for reading!

How to plant succulents - Step by Step Process

Succulents are some of the most popular plants to grow indoors. They resist drought, are easy to maintain, have fleshy leaves, and come in a variety of shapes and eye catching colors that make them perfect for all types of spaces. But if you want your succulents thrive, it requires more than just watering once a week or so. You need to know how best to plant them!

The following is an overview of exactly what you need to do when planting succulents:

When to repot your succulent?

growing and transplanting succulents
growing and transplanting succulents

There are many times that you might want to repot your succulent. Some of them are discussed here.

Transplant your succulent when you buy from store

The first time that you'll need to repot your succulent is when you buy it from the store. Most succulents will come in small containers with little to no roots, and this is the first time that you'll want to give them bigger containers than what they came in. The goal here is to put your plant in something that its roots can grow in, so choose a container at least two inches larger all around than the one that it came in.

When you're repotting your succulent, look at its roots to determine what type of soil it's growing in. Usually, nurseries use organic soil that usually doesn't drain well. To do well, you'll need to provide it with good drainable soil.

This works well in the climate-controlled environment of a nursery, but it doesn't work as well once you bring succulents home. Oftentimes, you'll need to repot your succulents right after purchasing them into fresh soil instead.

Repot your succulent when it outgrows the pot

succulents root bounding

When your succulent outgrows the pot that it's in, you'll want to repot it so that its roots can grow more. Once the roots of your succulent have grown through the container's bottom hole (root bounding), it's ready to be placed in something larger.

Your goal when repotting your succulent is to provide it with fresh soil that will help its roots grow and stay healthy. This means using well-drained soil, like cacti mix or a mixture of sand and potting soil.

Best time to repot your succulents

The best time to repot a succulent is in the spring or fall or whatever your specific plant active growing season is. If you’re doing it for aesthetic purposes, like making beautiful hanging succulents arrangement, then you can also plant them in the winter and summer months. However, during these seasons, your indoor garden will require more attention.

Planting Succulents: Step by Step Process

I'll be going over the step-by-step process of planting succulents in containers.

Planting Succulents in Pots step-by-step process
Planting Succulents in Pots step-by-step process

Repotting your succulent plants is important because if they outgrow their containers, they won't have enough room for their roots to grow more and may eventually stop their growth from root bounding.

Here is the step-by-step process to plant succulents, i.e. succulents transplantation.

Step #1: Pull Your Succulent from the Old Pot

pulling succulent from pot

The first step of successful transplantation is removing your succulent from its old pot. Start by removing any dirt from around the root ball as gently as possible and then remove the plant carefully. Do not pull or tug too hard on it!

Once you've removed your plant, it's time to wash the roots gently, remove any dead ones (if you recognize them) at this time, and remove old soil completely or as much as possible.

Some people don't recommend washing your succulent roots to prevent root rot. But if you let it dry or avoid watering for 2-3 days after repotting, it'll heal up, and won't give you any issue.

Step #2: Prepare Your New Pot and Potting Soil

preparing container for succulent planting

The new pot for your succulent should be larger than its existing pot, i.e. like 2 inches larger all around or so. Also, it is best to get a pot with a drainage hole. OR, drill by yourself in the bottom of the pot.

The soil should be a good draining, like, cacti/succulent plants mix or a mixture of sand and potting soil (1:1 ratio). Don't use regular garden or the same old nursery pot soil.

Step #3: Cover the Drainage Holes

covering mesh for bottom hole of pots

Place a plastic window screen or a mesh over the drainage holes in your pot so the soil won't drain with water. Make sure that there is enough mesh over the drainage holes to cover them completely.

Alternatively, You can also place rocks/pebbles over the drainage holes of containers to cover them. This will keep the soil in place once you plant a succulent in.

Step #4: Fill the Pot with the New Potting Soil

succulent potting mix

Fill it almost to the top with your new well-drained soil and be careful not to compact it down firmly, as it should stay fluffy and airy instead.

Step #5: Place Your Succulent in its new Pot

finishing succulent planting

It's time to plant your succulent in its new home. Put it in the center of your pot and gently add more soil around it or push it down until its root ball is fully covered but keep the plant elevated.

This will allow enough space for drainage while also keeping its roots happy well-ventilated.

Planting your succulent on the top of your pot and spreading its roots almost horizontally, help it to grow easy, while still having plenty of space to strengthen its roots.

Step #6: Add Some Pebbles or Gravel for Decoration.

Top dressing for succulents pot

Now put a layer of top dressing, like gravel or coarse sand around the edge. This top dressing will help to prevent your soil from leaking out and it also provides some nice decoration for your succulent too.

The finished look will make you love succulents more.

Also, you can put your normal succulent pot inside a bigger decorative pot.

Step #7: Give the roots time to heal - (Most Important)

After adding your top dressing, leave your succulent without watering for up to 3 days. This will allow any damage to the roots from repotting to heal. The extra soil around it will protect it from drying out or losing moisture, so don't worry about your succulent not having enough water for a couple of days.

Once you're done with that, start watering it normally and continue doing so for a good 2-3 weeks to help the soil settle down.

During this time, you can give it more water than usual and a diluted dose of fertilizer as well. This helps to ensure that your plants' root systems settles in well.

Planting Succulent Container Garden: Step by Step Process

Planting succulents container garden
Planting succulents container garden

Succulent container gardening is perfect for beginners or people who like plants but don't have much time or space. While not all succulents can be grown together due to their different requirements. But many succulents have the same requirements. Those can be grown in a same pot to make a container garden.

What you'll need to get started

The following materials are needed to Grow Succulents in Containers project:

  1. Live Succulents
  2. Cactus or Succulent plant potting mix
  3. Large Container or Pot with drainage hole
  4. Pebbles/Gravel for top dressing
  5. Pre-mixed organic fertilizer for cacti & succulents.

Step #1: Get your supplies

First, gather all the required supplies. They might already be in your home, OR, you can easily get them at your local gardening center or even purchase them online.

The key to healthy succulent garden success is to get the right type of succulents, potting mix, and container.

Selecting Succulents

Choose the succulent varieties that have similar care needs so you can grow them in the one container. OR at least, be sure to choose succulents that are not too picky about drainage or watering needs.

Succulent plants should also have similar sunlight requirements as well - otherwise some plants might burn while others may feel plants stretching.

Using the right succulents potting mix

Like succulents type, choose the soil for your container carefully because this will determine how well your succulents grow. You want to select a potting mix that is lightweight, airy, and drains easily, but it should also hold moisture just enough so you don't have to water too often.

If you've used other succulents before, you probably know what kind works best with them already. The soil should provide plenty of drainage and air circulation too.

Choosing the perfect container

To make it easier to create your own succulent container garden, choose a container that already has bottom holes.

If your chosen container has no holes in it, drill some yourself if you want your succulents thrive. Because standing water can kill these plants.

Step #2: Cover the drainage holes of the Container

To prevent your soil from running out the drainage holes and creating a mess on your floor, cover them with plastic window screen, or mesh, or commercial pot screen, or even a piece of landscape fabric.

This will make it easier to drain excess water while still holding the soil mix.

Step #3: Add Succulent/Cactus Soil Mix

Now that your drainage holes are covered, it's time to add the soil for your succulent container garden.

Add potting mix up to 3/4 (almost to the top) of your container height. this will make it easier to plant succulents later. Plus, you'll have room for the decorative top dressing as well.

Step #4: Decide the spacing between your plants

To avoid overcrowding, decide the spacing between your succulents from start. You want to leave enough room for the plants to grow.

To get a sense of how far apart to space your plants, stick them in the container and arrange them. Adjust the plants until you're satisfied with the final result.

Step #5: Start Planting those Succulents

Its time to

  1. Take the succulents out of nursery pots
  2. Remove old soil from their roots
  3. Place them on the newly prepared container while maintaining the spacing between
  4. Just spread their roots horizontally, or dig them a little bit, this will encourage healthy growth of your succulents.
  5. Don't worry if some roots overlaps others from the beginning
  6. Then carefully spread additional potting mix around each plant up to the point where they were in their nursery pots. Fill all the gaps in between.

Step #6: Clean it up, and add some decoration

Clean the soil that is left on succulents leaves by wiping it with a soft brush, cloth, or simply blowing on the plants.

Finally, finish it off by adding a top dressing of pebbles or coarse materials like gravel, stones, glass, coarse sand, and marbles, on the surface of the soil.

Step #7: Care & Grow Succulents in Container Gardens

Now that you've finished planting your succulent container garden, it's time to provide them with the care they need. Follow these basic tips for growing healthy succulents:

  1. Water regularly, don't over-water. Avoid getting their leaves wet.
  2. Fertilize once a month with water-soluble, balanced houseplant fertilizer OR specially designed succulents fertilizer, starting from the beginning of spring. But avoid in dormant season.
  3. Keep it clean. Remove dead leaves, branches, and flower stalks as soon as you see them.
  4. Better put it in a place where it can get direct sunlight. It can be a sunny window, or your other plants garden center where it gets full sun.

To learn more check out this Ultimate Guide on how to properly grow and care for succulents indoor.

Once properly planted and cared for, your container garden will begin to flourish in no time at all.

Planting Succulents Outdoors: Step by Step Process

planting succulents in ground
planting succulents in ground

Outdoor conditions are not the same as those inside your home, especially, if you are planning to planting succulents in the ground. In the following quick steps, you'll get everything you need to know about.

Step #1: Find a suitable spot for your outdoors succulent garden

It should get enough sunlight (about 6 hours, but not too much sun) daily and well protected from strong winds. 'Drainage' is also an important factor for your succulents planting site. OR, it will lead to plant death, because wet soil may lead to root rot.

Finding the right place for outdoors succulent plants is important, Because its not like containers plants that can be brought indoors for protection from harsh weather.

So for growing succulents outdoors, it is better to choose a slope, or an elevated place in your existing garden center (if there is one), as it is good to prevent water from accumulating to keep your succulents alive.

Step #2: Preparing the ground

Before starting, remove all weeds and large debris in the area where you want to place your succulent garden. Then dig a hole twice the size of the nursery pot it currently planted in.

Also, incorporate some organic materials such as composted manure or peat moss into the ground before planting. This will improve drainage and provide nutrients that are essential for healthy growth of your succulents plants.

Like native habitats for most succulents you need a good-drained ground.

Alternatively, you can place a thick layer of aged compost over it, and then add a thin layer on top to cover everything.

Step #3: Plant Succulents in Outside Garden

Carefully remove your succulent plants from their nursery pots, try not to disturb root system. Then plant them out evenly within your pre-made hole in the prepared ground. Use enough soil to cover the plants to the point where they were previously planted in pots.

After planting your outdoor succulents garden, give it some days to adjust to its new environment without further disturbance. Then water once every week or 2, depending on your environment conditions. But remember, too much moisture can lead to root rot.

Step back and watch how they grow in this exciting new location!

Conclusion

Growing succulents can be a lot of fun, but it requires some attention as well. The good news is that you don't need green thumb, they are one of the most low-maintenance plants out there!

After reading through here, I assume, you'll have learned everything about planting your succulents indoors, outdoors, and in container gardens. Now it's time for you to take actions. Some easy-to-grow succulents include aloe ( Aloe spp. ), jade ( Crassula ovata ), and zebra cactus ( Haworthia spp. ), etc. Start from these, especially for outdoor conditions.

Let me know which planting method you choose for growing succulents in the comments below.

Also, if you find this article helpful please feel free to share it with your family and friends! Thanks for reading and hope you enjoyed it.

Growing Christmas Cactus

Christmas Cactus, Thanksgiving, and Easter Cacti are all holiday favorites that can be grown as houseplants with some effort and dedication. One of the reasons why these plants are popular is because they bloom in winter or springtime when others have gone dormant.

The Christmas cactus plant produces pink-petaled blooms with rounded edges while the Thanksgiving cacti produce dark red blossoms and the Easter cacti produce white blossoms to celebrate their respective holidays.

Growing a Christmas cactus is an easy task for anyone who has access to a windowsill or bright spot outdoors or indoors where it will get enough shaded light daily during fall months.

About Christmas Cactus

The Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi) and its relatives do not flourish in hot air, dry places like deserts, or plains. In reality, the Christmas cactus is native to southern Brazil, where it grows as an epiphyte in rainforests. It uses its roots to attach to trees but absorbs the majority of moisture and nutrients from the air of the humid forests, and benefit from shaded light and a warm environment.

Unlike other desert relatives cacti, the Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi) is tolerant of lower light conditions, which makes it a popular houseplant.

This cactus lives and blooms in the winter season when other plants are usually dormant. Since they are tropical plants, they need more humidity in the air to thrive.

In short words: Don't treat a Christmas cactus the same as other plants. They can't withstand the same amount of bright light, dry weather that other succulent plants can. It's crucial to water these more frequently than most succulent plants, but avoid keeping them too wet.

Christmas cactus is classified as a forest cactus.

The different types of Christmas Cacti

There are mainly 3 types of “holiday” cacti: the Easter cactus (S. Gaertneri), the Thanksgiving cacti (S. Truncata), and the Christmas cactus (S. x Buckleyi). All three of these species are sometimes known as "Christmas cactus" because this is the most widely used name.

All three are in the same family, but their care and looks vary to some extent. So you should know which one to buy because all of them produce different color flowers.

As our care instructions apply to all of them! So we'll also refer to all of them as Christmas cactus.

Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi):

Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi)

This comes from woody, evergreen trees of tropical rainforests where it likes to grow on tree branches in the dim shade.

These produce flowers during winter or spring seasons that resemble hyacinths and are colored white, pink, or red. They prefer bright, but indirect sunlight and consistent watering.

Thanksgiving Cactus (Schlumbergera truncata):

Thanksgiving Cactus — Schlumbergera Truncata

This is also a tropical cactus that grows in the wild on trees and rocks. It's native to southeastern Brazil and produces blooms at Thanksgiving time (fall season).

These flowers are like hyacinths as well but come in various colors, such as orange-red, yellowish-brown, whitish-pink, and purple.

Easter Cactus (Schlumbergera gaertneri):

Easter Cactus — Hatiora Gaertneri

The flowers of this cactus open at dawn and close around noon or in the early afternoon. The flowers are star-shaped and in many colors, like white, pink, or dark scarlet with darker veins.

This beautiful plant bloom from spring to summer and prefer warm areas with bright indirect sunlight. Its cultivars are available in different colors.

Planting Christmas cactus

The best time to plant the beautiful holiday plant is during springtime or summer, but you can also plant them during mid-October.

Choose a pot with having a drainage hole, fill it with well-drained succulents fresh soil mix, and place it in an area where it will receive indirect sunlight, so they can thrive indoors without getting too much sunlight directly.

Water your Christmas cactus regularly, and add fertilizer once a month or so while the plant is in the actively growing season.

When to repot

Christmas cactus does not require frequent repotting, so wait until you have a good reason to repot. When the plant is "pot bound", it blooms better.

Repot only when the roots are crowded and the pot is sagging and your plant shows poor health. If your plant blooms during late fall or winter, reduce watering instead of transplanting.

Where to put Christmas cactus

Christmas cactus flourish at normal room temperature and usually do not need any special care. However, the following are the best places to keep your Holiday cactus indoors.

How to grow and care for a Christmas cactus

Christmas Cactus need bright light but not too much sunlight directly. The best area is an east-facing window, bedroom, kitchen, or even bathroom that has indirect natural light during the day and artificial light at night if necessary. You can also provide them with artificial light during the day if needed; they thrive in humid environments, where they will be able to bloom happily all winter long!

Here are the points that you should follow for growing and caring for a Christmas cactus.

Proper Watering Schedule

Water only when the top 1/3 of soil feels dry. You can water it every week or 2, depending on your indoor environment humidity, air circulation, and temperature. When watering, soak the soil completely until the water runs out of the pot's drainage hole.

After about 15 minutes, discard any excess water in the bottom waterproof saucer (tray).

During blooming, water the plant a little more, but keep an eye on overwatering indications. You can water every week, but once you do, do it well for up to 10-20 minutes.

Do not overwater your plant, as it can cause several problems. If leaves are dropping, the soil is always wet or the stem is soft and mushy which means you are overwatering or your draining medium is poor. Keep in mind that Christmas cactus growth begins during the early spring to summer seasons so it needs more water than in winter.

Learn more about how to water Christmas tree cactus.

Proper Soil selection

For growing Christmas cactus, you will need a well-drained potting mix.

Ingredients for making succulents soil/cacti potting mix:

Ensure that you use the right pot with a proper drainage system, water only when the soil is dry. Use a toothpick to check whether it has enough moisture or not. Soil shouldn't be wet.

You can also get a well-draining soil pre-mixed from many online stores.

Humidity and Temperature

The ideal temperature for a Christmas cactus is between 60-80 F (15-26 C) during day and night, respectively.

As a rule of thumb, if you keep your home at a comfortable level when you are present inside the house during winter, it will be perfect for your holiday cacti.

Medium humidity is also best for Christmas cacti, so the best place to keep your cactus is your bathroom or kitchen.

Fertilizing the Christmas cactus:

Fertilize your Holiday or Christmas cacti every 2 weeks during the growing season (spring to summer), and monthly during fall to winter to encourage blooming. Use any water-soluble, balanced houseplant fertilizer and follow all label instructions carefully.

Christmas cacti are sensitive to fluoride, which can burn the tips of the plants. Christmas cacti are also sensitive to excess fertilizer which can cause root damage or even burning leaves and stems.

Do not use fertilizers with too much nitrogen as it can damage your plant.

Prune in late Spring or early Summer

Prune your Christmas cactus in late spring or early summer. Cut off the long canes which are not blooming, or simply cut off a few parts of each stem, making sure to leave at least 4-6 nodes on each stem. You'll see new branches will emerge from these wounds and blooms should appear in four to six weeks.

Propagate new Christmas cacti

The stems that you have cut off while pruning can be rooted too. Remove lower leaves from those cut-off stems and place them in a pot with a moist cactus mix or seed starting soil after making sure there are no insects on it. Use a systemic insecticide or neem spray to control pests or diseases as well as any other unwanted followers during propagation.

You can also try planting the stem just below the surface of the soil and keep it half covered. Keep the soil moist, but not wet until roots start to grow after about a month, then water normally, and plant it in a bigger pot.

Christmas cacti bloom better after they have been repotted.

Never repot your Holiday cactus during its dormant period from fall to spring.

Christmas cacti are usually propagated by cuttings taken in late spring (after pruning). They should be well rooted before winter begins. These new plants are excellent Christmas presents for your loved ones.

Pests and Diseases

Common Pests problem

Common pests of Christmas cacti are mealybugs, fungus gnats, scale insects, and thrips. Symptoms to watch for include yellowish leaves with webbing on stems, sticky honeydew secretions, sooty mold deposits, or leaf spots.

Insecticidal soap sprays or neem oil can be used to control these problems.

Plant Diseases

There are also several diseases that can affect your Christmas cactus plants. The most common of them is root rot due to overwatering, and Blossom dropping.

Beautiful flowers of Christmas cactus will drop if your plant is put under any sort of stress. This might be due to the amount of light or a sudden change in temperature. While tiny buds are developing, make sure your soil isn't too dry.

Other problems may include leaf spots, stem and tip die-back, bacterial soft rot, and fungal infections.

In case of bacterial verticillium wilt or Xanthomonas blight, use a systemic fungicide.

Prevent root rot by letting the soil dry completely between watering and, if available, improve drainage by including more sand or perlite in the organic potting mix.

If you have petunias, geraniums, or impatiens which are planted nearby they may carry some disease-causing organisms which may also cause problems for your Christmas cacti.

Christmas Cactus Care in Winter.

Bring your Christmas cactus indoors in the freezing season, but do not place it in an area with direct sunlight. A bright bedroom with indirect light is best, while a kitchen or living room window that faces west may also provide the perfect environment for them to thrive.

Plant Temperature requirement in Winter

Keep your holiday cacti at room temperature, between 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit night and day, respectively.

Most importantly, never place holiday cacti in front of a drafty or hot fireplace, radiator, or sunny window (exposed to full sun) that could cause the plant to dry out quickly.

Plant loves humidity in winter

Maintain humidity levels of 40-50 percent, which can be achieved by placing your Christmas cacti on a tray of wet pebbles covered with a clear plastic top so that the moisture can seep up and around the pots.

This type of enclosure will also help keep your plant warm and moist, which is especially important if you keep your home quite cool (below 65 degrees) during the winter months.

How do I get my Christmas cactus to bloom?

Schlumbergera truncata bloom

The blooms of Christmas cacti and their relatives are stimulated by cooler temperatures and longer nights of the fall.

Christmas Cacti blooming schedule

Usually, the three main types of Christmas cactus produce blooms according to the following schedule.

Making your Christmas Cactus to bloom

When your cultivar blooming process isn't started yet, they're receiving too much light or too hot. This is the list of ways you can get your Christmas cactus to bloom.

The blooms typically last about a few weeks when care is perfect, but this will vary depending on your species and treatment.

Keeping holiday cactus flower buds longer

After blooming finishes in fall, discontinue watering and allow the soil to dry out completely. The flowers will remain on the plant but they won't grow until spring when you resume watering and fertilizing.

Pro Tips

Conclusion

Growing a Christmas Cactus is an easy task. It requires some dedication and care to ensure that your plant stays healthy during the holiday season. With the above tips, you’ll be able to grow and care for the Christmas cactus that you’ve always wanted, and keep it blooming for years!

What was one tip from our article that helped you grow and care for your plants? Let us know below!

Best Indoor Cactus Varieties

Cacti are commonly described as desert plants but can thrive in a home environment too. These species thrive in dry climates and well-drained areas. We have separated the cacti species according to indoors and outdoors, to help you determine which cacti plants you should grow indoors and why some are the best indoor cacti.

Cacti plants- also known by the Cactaceae family - are highly unique and popular indoor plants. This family is known for the wide range of species, each varies distinctive in appearance and needs minimal water to survive droughts.

Best types of cactus for indoors growing

Cacti can be planted in any part of the home, from your bedroom to office and living room. Depending on their characteristics, they have different needs for indoor growing. Here are some of the most popular cacti that will thrive in a home environment:

Angel Wings Cactus — Opuntia Albispina

Angel Wings Cactus — Opuntia Albispina

The angel wings cactus species is a desert denizen. It is adapted to low amounts of water and extreme heat. It has a striking appearance and its small pads are covered with glochids – a fancy term for white prickles found on its surface.

Contrary to many cacti, it lacks spines that can become replaced with hairs on the pad's surface. Opuntia Albispina is a spring bloomer producing creamy yellow flowers producing globular edible fruits which are purple in color. Give the plant lots of light, well-draining cacti mix, and less frequent watering and you'll have one happy angelwing-shaped cactus for indoors.

Hedgehog Cactus — Echinocereus Nicholii

Hedgehog Cactus — Echinocereus Nicholii

Echinocactus species are native to South Western North America. They can be identified by their cylindrical green or white bodies with yellow spine tips. Many are covered in sharp spines, often purple in color. They are grown for their striking appearance and need to be positioned where they won't be knocked over easily.

Bunny Ears Cactus — Opuntia Microdasys

Bunny Ears Cactus — Opuntia Microdasys

The bunny ear cactus is native to the Mexican state and is closely related to the angel wings cactus. The cactus usually grows two pads that appear like bunny ears hence its nickname.

In summer they produce yellow flowers followed by purple fruits if they are given plenty of sunshine throughout the entire season. They are encrusted with tiny brown, whitish hairs which are easily touchable to the touch.

Old Lady Cactus — Mammilaria Hahniana

Old Lady Cactus — Mammilaria Hahniana

Native in Guanajuato state Mexico Mammilaria hahniana grows tall reaching 10 inches tall. Old Lady cactus blooms in spring and summer producing attractive purple flowers and possibly growing in a ring at the top.

Make a well-drained Cactus mix to withstand moisture during cultivation because they hate living on damp soil. Water only once a week in hot months once a month in winter. The white hairs and spine in this part of the plant will also shield it from intense sunshine.

Bishop's cap — Astrophytum Myriostigma

Bishop's cap — Astrophytum Myriostigma

The Bishop's Cape Cacti (Astrophytum Myriostigma) is natively found near The Chihuahuan Desert in Mexico. Its appearance resembles a globe whose segments are split in the center. The hardy leaf is normally green when young.

As it matures its leaves get a greyish coating of fine scales that keep it protected from the sun. It will help you have the blue colors and blossoms you need in the spring. They grow in shade but need sunshine for about three hours of the day. It works well in a window sill of south or western perspective. Make sure they get the good sun to get the flowers.

Old Man Cactus — Cephalocereus Senatus

Old Man Cactus — Cephalocereus Senatus

Native to eastern Mexico the old man cactus (Cephalocereus Senatus) grows a similar kind of fuzzy white hair to the old lady cactus. The population of these cacti is declining in the wild but thanks to their popularity as houseplants and commercial cultivation the wild populations are less vulnerable.

The thin hair spines on cephalocereus senatus are fairly long on the cactus giving the appearance of an upper portion of white hair. When these Cacti are blooming, they produce thick pink flowers and occasionally make fruit.

Star Cactus — Astrophytum Asteria

Star Cactus — Astrophytum Asteria cv. Superkabuto

Astrophytum Asteria is generally green in color and has decorative white dotted spots. If conditions are right, the Star Cactus bloom during spring producing attractive yellow flowers with orange hues in the center.

These cacti are sun lovers and prefer bright light so get them the southern or west-facing window for strong growth. Use a well-drained grainy mixture of cacti and water twice a month.

Barrel Cactus — Ferocactus Species

Barrel Cactus — Ferocactus Gracilis Gatesii

Ferocactus is a genus of large barrel-shaped cacti. Most of them have large spines and small flowers when blooming. It includes about 30 species. These cacti can live for decades. These are true sun lovers who prefer full sun a few hours a day.

Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus Species) is narrow and has long spines. Its spikes help protect the fatty edible pulp within. Water sparingly until the ground gets completely dry. Use commercial cacti mixture to prevent the spread of damp soil problems like root decomposing and fungi attacks. Use cut-resistant gloves to protect your hands as their spines are sharp.

Rat Tail Cactus — Aporocactus Flagelliformis

Rat Tail Cactus (Aporocactus Flagelliformis)

The rat tail cactus thrives in bright sunlight and if everything went well the plant could bloom in spring bringing forth spectacular pink flowers. A commercial well-draining cacti mix is suggested for root rot prevention. Rattail cactus lands in Mexico.

It is one of the cactus plants that work great in hanging baskets. Choose a good-sized hanging basket for this fast-growing cactus as the thick stems can trail for three feet.

Moon Cactus — Gymnocalycium Mihanovichii

Moon Cactus — Gymnocalycium Mihanovichii

The Moon Cactus (Gymnocalycium Mihanovichii) is quite interesting and a unique cactus. The moon cactus species are from South America. The cactus produces some of the most popular mutant cacti which produce absolutely no chlorophyll.

Their stems are shown to have unusual colors that are red, pink yellow, and orange in different shades. Small pink flowers grow from late spring to early summer. Their lovely colors make this one the best cactus indoors. Place your moon cactus in a window where it gets indirect sunlight, as too much direct sunlight can damage it.

Barbed Sea Urchin Cactus — Echinopsis Ancistrophora

Barbed Sea Urchin Cactus — Echinopsis Ancistrophora

The Barbed Sea Urchin Cactus (Echinopsis Ancistrophora) is native to Argentina and Bolivia. It grows as small flat or spherical balls and produces large clumps when left to grow and propagating across time.

They have thin, blue-green radial spines which resemble spiders. When in bloom, it produces in abundance very huge flowers in white, yellow, or red color. It is one of the best cactus to keep indoors.

Golden Rat Tail — Cleistocactus Winteri

Golden Rat Tail — Cleistocactus Winteri

The Golden Rat Tail Cactus ( Cleistocactus Winteri ) is named for its thick furry, lustrous stems, growing in dense mounds. These long thin stems can grow up to 40 inches long with only around 1 inch of depth.

They are covered with yellow-pink fur that gives the cactus its furry Golden appearance. The golden rat tail will flower freely at the end of April and Summer producing orange or rose petals.

Golden Barrel Cactus — Echinocactus Grusonii

Golden Barrel Cactus — Echinocactus Grusonii

The Golden Barrel Cactus ( Echinocactus Grusonii, Golden Ball, or Mother-in-Law's Cushion ) originates from Mexican forests. These are large spherical globes that can reach over 1 meter (3.3 ft) in height after growing for many years in the wild.

This cactus produces many long straight yellow spines that give it some golden light. They love the sun and need only very small quantities of water to survive. You may see some small yellow flowers in summer around the crown in a mature plant. But it is very rare, as it may take up to 20 years or so to get to this point.

Barbary Fig — Opuntia ficus-indica

Barbary Fig — Opuntia ficus-indica

The Barbary fig ( Opuntia ficus indica, Indian fig opuntia, Fig opuntia, or Prickly pear ) is a variety of prickly pear cactus native to Mexico. Green pads grow on top of bristling spines. Yellow and orange flowers blossom at the tip of these stems and the flower produces edible red fruits later.

It can reach 15 feet tall 10 feet wide if its area is adequate. This can be kept with any houseplant in a small yet comfortable size. It has long been a domesticated crop plant grown in agricultural economies throughout arid and semiarid parts of the world.

Feather cactus — Mammillaria Plumosa

Feather cactus — Mammillaria Plumosa

Feather cactus ( Mammillaria Plumosa ) are perfect for indoor containers and will grow up to several inches tall. The featherlike plumes feel soft and fluffy but under their surfaces, the shafts protect sharp spikes.

Its origin and habitat is Coahuila and Nuevo León. Mexico. Mammillaria Plumosa grows on limestone cliffs. This species is in continuous decline due to its illegal trade and ongoing collection. But its number of locations where it can grow probably exceeds ten, and the population is not yet likely to be severely fragmented.

Blue Myrtle Cactus — Myrtillocactus

Blue Myrtle Cactus — Myrtillocactus

Blue Myrtle Cactus ( Myrtillocactus, Blue Candle Cactus, Blue Flame Cactus ) is native to Mexico and Guatemala. It grows strongly around its many bluish-grey flowers. It is a distinctive-looking shrub cactus that is easy to grow and one of the best cactus for beginners.

If it is mature enough it should yield white flowers followed by dark purple in Spring. In wild it can grow up to 14 feet tall. It can also be controlled inside a garden or on the soil.

Golden Torch — Echinopsis Spachiana

Golden Torch — Echinopsis Spachiana

The Golden Torch ( Echinopsis Spachiana ) or the torch cactus or golden column is native to South American. It forms a columnar shape and can reach heights up to seven feet with branches only measuring 2 and 3 mm in diameter. These tall, thin cacti may produce large white flowers that bloom only at night.

Fishbone cactus — Epiphyllum Anguliger

Fishbone cactus — Epiphyllum Anguliger

The Fishbone cactus ( Epiphyllum Anguliger ) looks like something from a story. It is actually occasionally spelled as the zick-zagg cactus because of its zany appearance. As a houseplant, it is quite cool looking in your cacti collection and is easy to care for.

African Milk Tree — Euphorbia Trigona

African Milk Tree — Euphorbia Trigona

This is a striking succulent that requires little attention. Some of its varieties offer unique green and magenta hues like Rubra. Although it can release a skin-irritating milky substance, it is associated with friendship or positive thoughts.

Organ pipe cactus — Stenocereus Thurberi

Organ pipe cactus — Stenocereus Thurberi

Stenocereus thurberi ( Organ pipe cactus ) contains multiple stems that grow rooted off a small trunk ascending vertically. The stems are usually 15cm (6 inches) thick. The average height is 4.9m (16 ft). Older plants are funnel-flowered that open when nightfall arrives and close in the morning.

Give it organic, well-drained soil. Because they can be found in very hot sunny areas ensure that this bird is fully exposed to natural sunlight. In early spring you should water regularly but look to identify signs of overwatering. The organ pipe is reputed to have a life expectancy of 15 years. Despite being large people can say the fruit taste much better to the eye than watermelon.

Peanut cactus — Echinopsis Chamaecereus

Peanut cactus — Echinopsis Chamaecereus

Echinopsis chamaecereus ( Peanut cactus ) is native to Argentina. It can reach up to 15 centimeters (6 inches) tall. It has long stems about 1 cm (0.3 inches) wide and Orange flowers of 4 cm-6.3 cm in diameter. This particular cactus is common in gardens of hot areas and has a high growth rate.

Peanut cacti can become very fragile and rot if overwatered. They must be drained quickly when watering. You can dip a stick into the soil, if there have been residues of the wet ground for top some inches then do not water. A very good sunscreen should also be given to them as they like cold temperatures.

Totem pole cactus — Pachycereus Schottii f. Monstrosus

Totem pole cactus — Pachycereus Schottii f. Monstrosus

Totem pole cactus ( Pachycereus schottii f. Monstrosus ) is a smooth, shiny cactus without visible spines. This columnar cactus grows 3.6m (12ft) tall. It has small bumps to give the plant a sculptural appearance.

This cactus produces night flowers which are bright pink flowers that open at night and close around midnight. They produce red fruits which are egglike and edible. These plants take up little effort and almost always can grow even when ignored. Keep them under a shade but cover them against extremely cold temperatures in winter.

Senita cactus — Lophocereus Schottii

Senita cactus — Lophocereus Schottii

This plant has an unusual shape for a cactus with a smooth and silky surface. Lophocoreus schottii (Pachycereus schottii) is a 3 ft to 5 ft tall cactus. It has smooth silk brushed surfaces and looks appealing adding an attractive element to a collection.

Queen of the Night Cactus — Epiphyllum Oxypetalum

Queen of the Night Cactus — Epiphyllum Oxypetalum

Epiphyllum oxypetalum ( Queen of the Night Cactus ) is native to South Central Mexico and other parts of South America. Its flowers blossoms at night but wilts by dawn.

Flowers are usually white with a nice scent and are typically 30 cm long by 17 cm wide. Give them morning sun but avoid the afternoon sun as the leaves can be easily scorched. It prefers slightly acidic soil.

Mexican Lime Cactus — Ferocactus Pilosus

Mexican Lime Cactus — Ferocactus Pilosus

Ferocactus pilosus ( Mexican Lime Cactus ) is a slowly-growing variety with a single cylindrical stem with red spines around it. If the plant is kept indoors, it shows a reduced growth rate. This is one of the beautiful-looking cactus. It is very slow-growing.

The Mexican Fire Barrel Cactus is a thorny and spiny plant that grows up to 10.0 ft in height and 20.0 inches in diameter, depending on the conditions it enjoys. Place it near a window where it gets enough sunlight, as it prefers sunshine. Although afternoon shade helps maintain its green color and shape.

Christmas Cactus — Schlumbergera x Buckleyi

Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi)

One of the excellent indoor cacti to have around the holidays is known as the True Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera x Buckleyi). The Christmas cactus blooms often right around Christmas time, hence its festive name.

This type of cacti usually grows upwards at first before drooping downwards over the edges of the pot as they grow longer. Usually, this type does not produce spines. It has flat, stiff leaves that usually grow upwards and outwards.

Christmas cactus can bloom anytime between November and January, its pale pink to white flowers are in the form of bells, with petals curving inwards. The flower has a distinctive smell that's both sweet and tangy.

Easter Cactus — Hatiora Gaertneri

Easter Cactus — Hatiora Gaertneri

Whereas the Christmas cactus is often seen on front porches, the Easter cactus (Hatiora Gaertneri) prefers a more indoor environment. They grow along the ground and trail long stems similar to their cousin, though they are missing rows of spines at each node.

Unlike its cousin, the Easter cactus blooms with deep red flowers that open up into a funnel shape when they blossom in the winter to early spring.

Thanksgiving Cactus — Schlumbergera Truncata

Thanksgiving Cactus — Schlumbergera Truncata

Often called the crab cactus the Thanksgiving cactus (Schlumbergera truncata) blooms around the holiday time. This indoor plant does well in a cooler climate. However, it must be in a region with no frosts.

It is continuing to grow throughout the winter, needs cooler temperatures to flourish. It has shiny green leaves and light purple flowers, resembling small red crab apples when fully bloomed.

Schlumbergera Truncata is sometimes considered a Christmas Cactus but it is actually a false Christmas cactus.

Chin Cactus — Gymnocalycium Baldianum

Chin Cactus — Gymnocalycium Baldianum

The Chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum), also known as the spider-cactus or dwarf chin cactus, has a sphere shape and produces curved spines. It can grow up to 7 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

The usual height of these plants is 6 inches but can grow taller in southern regions. It is native to Argentina and grows large pink flowers followed by green fruit.

It cannot stand frost or dry soil. It is best to plant them in well-drained soil and keep it moist throughout the year. Keep the plants away from direct sunlight, as exposure to bright light will cause their spines to fade in color.

Star Cactus (Urchin or Sand Dollar Cactus) — Astrophytum Asteria

Star Cactus (Urchin or Sand Dollar Cactus) — Astrophytum Asteria

Native to Mexico and the southern United States, star cacti only grow to be about 2 inches high and 6 inches wide. Their small, round ribbed bodies are segmented into 7-10 ribs that feature furry areoles down the middle of each rib.

Large red or yellow flowers may bloom from these cacti in early spring; green or pink fruits may follow.

The Star Cactus (Astrophytum Asteria) is also known as sea urchin cactus or sand dollar cactus.

Saguaro Cactus — Carnegiea Gigantea

Saguaro Cactus — Carnegiea Gigantea

Besides other cacti, one of the best cactus for indoors is the saguaro cactus too. People usually think of it when imagining outdoor cactus with thick stems in the hot desert locales.

Saguaro cactus likes bright and warm conditions and will continue to grow slowly for years in just one pot. It is an extremely slow grower cactus. Often takes up to a decade or so for a couple of inches of growth. With care, it can also produce beautiful white flowers.

Conclusion

Depending on your choice and your indoor environment, you can choose many cacti to grow in your rooms. From the above list of the most popular indoor cacti plants, you have plenty of choices.

Growing any type of succulent indoors can be a little bit tricky. So we suggest you use a well-drained cacti mix, a proper watering schedule, fertilize regularly, and provide enough light to make them grow fast and healthy.

Do you have any other type of cacti that we missed here, or want to ask about anything else? please let us know in the comment below.

How to Propagate Succulents - Ultimate Guide

In this Ultimate Guide, we are going to show you how to propagate succulents using different methods. There are many ways and we will cover almost all of them here that may come in handy when looking for a way to make your succulents collection. We will focus on selecting what's good for beginners but also include advanced techniques so more experienced succulents lovers won't be left behind either.

Scared that it's too difficult? Don't worry! All these methods are easy once you know how to do them but remember, only practice makes you perfect...

What is Propagation and why should I explore this subject?

Propagation is the process of producing new plants from a parent plant, called the 'mother plant'. This happens in many ways, like leaf & stem cuttings, etc., and we are going to explore them all for you to know what suits you best.

Propagating succulents from leaf cuttings is very easy and anyone can do it if they follow few simple steps. We'll cover this in detail in the coming sections.

Also note, Not all succulents can be propagated, and not all succulent plants can grow from cuttings. There are some exceptions though. For example, many succulents (notably Sempervivum or Jovibarba species) can be grown from seeds while many cacti, which are actually succulents too, can be propagated from stem cuttings.

[Wikipedia Source Link]

The History of Propagating Plants

Propagating plants from cuttings goes far back. Even further than we could imagine, as documented evidence suggests that this method belonged to ancient Egyptian civilization and they deliberately used it for a number of plants, the most notable among them being the fig tree (Ficus carica).

Are Cuttings the Only Way to Propagate Succulents?

Of course, not! There are some other ways that may be used to propagate succulent plants. Like propagating succulents from seeds or, even more fun and interesting, from grafting succulents.

In the propagation phase, watering is very important for success and we will also cover this matter here so you won't have any problem with your new succulent baby plants.

How to Take a Succulent Cutting?

This is the first important step, so mentioning it at the beginning of the article.

Taking a cutting is very simple. The most important thing when taking cuttings is to avoid damaging the roots, especially for new plant development. For this you can use a sharp knife or scissors or even you can twist it with your hand as well.

There are two types of succulent cuttings that you can take.

1. A succulent plant cutting with foliage and roots left intact.

2. Without the root system - this is when you remove leaves, stems, or pups from the parent plant, to be used for rooting later on.

The 2nd method is especially popular among succulents/cacti propagation lovers. Because there are many more ways to take cuttings without harming the parent plant. Thus decreasing transplantation shock and getting new plants even faster.

What Size is the Best for Succulent Cuttings?

Basically, taking a mature leaf of the parent plant will be enough for propagation. For the stem, it varies from species to species. For most, taking a stem cutting that is longer than the plant leaf length will work fine. But you can cut longer if you wish to increase the success rate.

Most of my cuttings are 1-1/2 inches to 3 inches (3.5 cm to 7.5 cm) in length. Any longer and I have had rooting issues, but this may be due to the fact that my succulents grow on rocky soil, which has little water or nutrients, and the longer cuttings can suffer more from this lack.

In some succulents types, I have also had success using 4-inch (10 cm) long cuttings and 5-inch cuttings (12.5 cm).

Other factors include sun exposure, air circulation around the cutting, and humidity. So I recommend experimenting with different sizes of cuttings to see what works best for you in your climate and conditions.

How to Propagate Succulents from Leaf Cutting?

This is an easy way to propagate succulents from leaves, however, you need fast-growing and big size leaf. Many professionals propagate several succulents in this way with a great success rate. You can try this with different varieties of succulent species.

Follow the following steps to propagate succulents from leaf cutting.

Step 1: Cut a Healthy and Big Size Leaf

Succulents leaves on a tissue paper

First, we will need a leaf that is healthy, not diseased or damaged. Most succulents leaves are covered with wax and you should remove them before trying to propagate succulents from leaf cutting. The easiest way to do this is by rubbing the leaf gently between your hands until most of it comes off. If some remains on the cuttings, it may cause rot.

Step 2: Let it heal itself for a day or 2 (Important)

Place the leaf somewhere in the open air to callous for a day or 2. This will protect your cuttings from fungal attacks.

Step 3: Place the Leaf in a Succulent Soil Mix

Succulent leaves on soil in perfect circle

Before planting your succulents leaf cutting, prepare or get a succulents soil mix. Fill a planter with this mixture and place the leaves into it to root. Only the cut part should be placed in the soil. You can place the leaf over the soil as well, and you'll need to mist the pot every time the soil gets dry.

Step 4: Gently Mist the Leaf Cutting with a Fine Spray Bottle

Mist the succulents leaf cutting with a fine spray bottle every day. You will notice that roots grow faster when they are misted regularly.

Step 5: Place it in Indirect Sunlight OR under Artificial Lights

Place the planter in a window that gets indirect sunlight or under artificial lights for 16 hours every day. If you are using an artificial lighting system, keep it 8-12 inches above the leaf-cutting.

Step 6: Transplant Succulent from Leaf Cutting into a Succulent Potting Mix

Potting Propagated Succulent Babies

After several weeks or possibly months, succulents' leaves will start to grow new roots. It is time to repot the leaf-cutting into a good succulent potting mix. Repot it into a small container that has drainage holes and place it in indirect sunlight or under artificial lights again.

You can also take your chances and leave the leaf-cutting in the same pot and even place it outdoors. However, you will need to protect the succulent from frost and very hot temperatures.

If you follow these steps, then you should have no problem having your succulent leaves root and grow new plantlets!

How to Propagate Succulents from Stem Cuttings?

propagating succulents from stem cuttings

Succulent stems are also easy to propagate. However, succulent stem cutting is more prone to rot than leaves because they lack wax coating and often have more moisture inside them.

Before you begin this process, make sure the succulents variety you're trying to propagate isn't one of the poisonous or toxic succulents (some varieties contain oxalates). Some varieties can also cause skin irritation or allergies, so make sure to wear gloves and a protective mask.

If you're making stem cuttings from cacti, brush spines off of the cutting before planting to avoid getting hurt when handling it.

Step 1: Cut Off a Succulent Stem With Leaves Attached at the Top

You will need to cut off a succulent stem with leaves attached at the top. This part is important because it provides photosynthetic energy to your cuttings as they grow roots and become new plants. Make sure you're removing all of the leaves below.

Let it dry for some days. Usually callous takes 1-2 weeks depending on your succulent type. This is important.

Step 2: Trim Off the Bottom of the Stem

If you own a succulent with spines, make sure to remove them now. Sometimes they can be pulled off easily and sometimes you will need to cut them off with sharp garden scissors.

Step 3: Place the Stems in a Succulents Soil Mixture

After callous, choose a succulent potting mix that you can get online or create your own that meets your needs, fill up a large container with it, and place the stems into the soil.

Step 5: Cover Stems With Soil Mixture

Cover the stems with soil and make sure there is no exposed part of the stem pieces where roots are expected to grow from. This will prevent rot from occurring.

Step 6: Mist Them Regularly

You will also need to mist them regularly to keep the soil moist. For more in-depth watering info check the ultimate guide about how often to water succulents.

Step 7: Place in Sunlight or under Artificial Lights

Place stems in a window that gets direct sunlight for at least 8 hours daily or under artificial lights for 16 hours every day. The amount of light they need will vary depending on the succulents variety you're propagating, so make sure to check the information on its tag.

Step 8: Transplant Stems into a Pot with Good Soil Mix

After 2-3 weeks (or sometimes more) you will notice that plants have new growths and roots. It is now time to transplant them into a pot with a succulent soil mixture. You can also choose to leave the stems in their original container and place them outside. However, you will need to protect the stems from frost and very hot temperatures.

Tips for caring for succulents babies

After the stems have rooted in, allow them to grow until they are large enough to be planted outside or in another container. You can also choose to keep them in the same container and repot them after they become too big for their current home.

Keep this process up for the best results! Enjoy.

How to Propagate Succulents in Water?

How to Propagate Succulents in Water

This technique is really simple and easy to do. The best part of propagating succulents in water is, you'll be able to monitor the growth easily.

In this technique, the succulents get moisture from the humidity, instead of directly watering them. I.e. The succulents leaves won't even touch the water, but only will get warm humidity from it, and will start rooting that you'll see easily.

The steps are as follow:

Step 1: Prepare the Bottle or Container

Take a bottle of water, better it should be a plastic bottle. Because you'll need to make small holes in it. You can also use any other container as well.

If it is a plastic bottle, make small holes in its upper section, to hold your succulent leaves. Do the same for other containers as well.

Step 2: Fit Succulents Cuttings/Leaves in the Bottle

Adjust those succulent leaves in bottle holes, so that the cut area goes inside the bottle. I.e. The leaves sides, where roots are expected will go inside the holes to be able to absorb humidity.

Step 3: Add Water and Keep it in Brithligth

Fill the bottle to the point of the holes section, and keep it in a bright area.

Change the water after every week to avoid any fungus attack.

Step 4: Transplant Your New Succulents Babies

In about 2-4 weeks, you'll see some roots coming out of those succulent cuttings/leaves. You can leave them there to grow more, OR you can get it out, and plant them in a good draining succulent soil.

Don't Worry if Some Succulents Dies

When you are trying to propagate them. It's normal that some may die! Don't give up, keep going, and surely, you will get a bunch of new succulents!

Many beginners face the same issue. There are a number of factors when propagating succulents. For instance, the soil, water, light, and temperature will affect succulents' growth. Some succulent species do require specific growing parameters to survive. So, it is possible, that any factor might have affected your succulents propagation without you noticing them.

When propagating succulents, you should always, propagate a bunch of them. So, if some die, many will still survive.

When you see some rooting, put some soil over it, and it'll start its growth. It is the best way to get a high success rate.

When to Plant Propagated Succulents

Most succulents take months to grow to their normal size. Some may even take years to grow. It is a slow process but surely works. Remember the following points to get the best out of your succulent propagation.

  1. Whenever you see roots coming out of your succulents cuttings/leaves, put some soil over them. Keep the soil watered regularly. So it'll have access to food and moisture and will start growing easily.
  2. The mother leaf will die and will separate by itself once the baby succulent gets larger. Just keep your baby succulents watered every time.
  3. Once your baby succulents are well rooted and be able to grow on their own, it's time to give them a new home by planting in another container.

Conclusion

Succulents are an easy and fun plant to grow, but propagating succulents can be a little bit more difficult than it seems. With the proper instructions, you'll know how to propagate succulent cuttings in water or soil for faster success rates.

We've covered all of the important aspects of propagating succulents so that you're able to get started quickly! Succulent plants are an excellent way to bring life into your home - whether they're potted on a porch or under a table indoors.

Please share this guide with your friends and family if it helps you.

Growing and Caring for Succulents Indoors - Ultimate Guide

Succulents are a perfect garden and home plant. They require little water, they’re low maintenance, and you can even grow them indoors!

If you’ve ever had trouble keeping plants alive in your house or garden, succulents may be the answer for you. Succulent lovers know that these plants are easy to care for and will thrive under just about any condition. But if this is your first time growing succulents—or if you want to learn more about how best to take care of them—read on! This Ultimate Guide has all the information you need to grow beautiful indoor succulent gardens at home.

All cacti plants are Succulents, i.e., a subset of Succulents… but there are some key differences in growing and caring for cacti and other succulent types. While all succulent plants need similar care, but other succulents have a few more growing requirements than the familiar cactus.

Here’s an overview of everything you need to know about succulents, including how to care for them and how to grow your own indoor succulents garden.

What are succulents and what do they need to grow

Succulents are plants that store water in their leaves, stems, or roots. They have thick fleshy leaves and require a lot less watering than other types of plants. The word "succulent" comes from the Latin word "sucus," which means juice. A succulent is any plant that stores water in its tissues to help it survive dry spells between rainfalls.

There are many different types of succulents, but they all share these traits:

In fact, succulents will thrive in just about any climate. This makes them an ideal plant for beginners and experts alike.

Best Succulents to Grow Indoors

While there are so many types of succulents that you can grow indoors, here are a few of the most popular varieties. If one of these looks particularly appealing to you, then by all means - give it a shot! You probably won’t be disappointed!

Jade plant (Crassula Ovata)

Crassula Ovata Jade Plant

This plant withstands some of the worst conditions in the home. It grows well at low temperatures, tolerates poor lighting, and can endure very dry air. The jade plant also requires very little maintenance; it is reasonably hardy and has few pests that try to infest it.

There are some other varieties of this succulent as well, e.g. Crassula Ovata Gollum Jade or Crassula Ovata Variegated Gollum Jade.

Christmas kalanchoe (Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana)

Christmas kalanchoe (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)

The Christmas kalanchoe is an extremely popular indoor succulent that blooms in the winter. The white flowers are beautiful and make a great accent for your home on a table or windowsill. It needs little water or sunlight, making it a great choice for beginners.

Snake plant or Mother-in-law tongue (Sansevieria Trifasciata)

Snake plant or Mother-in-law tongue (Sansevieria trifasciata)

This plant is a low-maintenance succulent that has small green and cream stripes. It’s among the most popular plants on the market, as it can grow easily in poor lighting conditions and survives very dry air and temperatures.

Crown of thorns (Eurphorbia Milii)

Crown of thorns (Eurphorbia milii)

This is perhaps the most popular plant for beginners. It is very easy to grow and care for, requiring little watering or sunlight. It is known for its sharp, spiny leaves that point upwards, like mini-thorns on a crown.

Medicine plant (Aloe Vera)

Medicine plant (Aloe vera)

The Aloe vera is perhaps the most well-known succulent, as it can be found in almost every household. You might have some in your backyard or on your windowsill — but not likely enough to tell them apart!

Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi)

Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi)

The Christmas cactus is a popular indoor succulent that many people have growing in their homes while others might buy it for the holidays. It produces gorgeous flowers during the winter and can tolerate low temperatures (down to 43 degrees).

Zebra Cactus (Haworthia Fasciata)

Haworthia fasciata Zebra Plant

The zebra cactus (haworthia fasciata) is a succulent that has dark green leaves with white stripes. It’s an extremely easy plant to care for, as it can survive in very low light conditions and needs little water.

Panda plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

Panda plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa)

The panda plant is relatively uncommon, so if you just have to have it in your home, know that it’s going to be a challenge. It needs very bright sunlight and warm temperatures year-round.

String of bananas (Senecio radicans)

String of bananas

The 'String of Bananas' succulent produces a long stem with small leaves that grow in a rosette pattern. It blooms at the top of the stem, first producing orange buds and later tiny white flowers that are perfect for bonsai.

String of pearls (Senecio rowleyanus)

string of pearls succulent

The String of Pearls succulent is a beautiful plant that produces yellow and white flowers at the end of its long, string-like leaves. It’s extremely low maintenance and can survive if you forget to water it for years at a time!

Hens-and-chicks (Sempervivum tectorum or Echeveria elegans)

Hens-and-chicks (Sempervivum tectorum or Echeveria elegans)

This succulent has beautiful rosettes on its leaves and can tolerate low light conditions for years. It flowers frequently and produces new offshoots over time, making it a very prolific plant to grow in your home!

Pencil Cactus OR Sticks-on-Fire (Euphorbia Tirucalli)

Euphorbia tirucalli 'Sticks on Fire'

The Pencil Cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli) is a novelty plant that produces fingers like sticks instead of leaves. Its flowers are small and white. It’s an interesting plant to grow and it can tolerate low light levels for years. ( Be careful, it's also a bit poisonous succulent )

Donkey's tail, Burro’s tail (Sedum morganianum)

donkey tails succulent

The Donkey tails OR Burro's tail succulent plant can grow up to 60cm in length and typically has trailing stems with fleshy blue-green leaves. The flowers, which are produced during summertime, are pink or red. It grows well in low light and very dry air, making it an excellent plant for beginners.

Pebble plant or living stone (Lithops)

Pebble plant or living stone (Lithops)

The Lithops succulent is sometimes mistaken as a stone. That's why it is called Living Stone OR Pebble plant. It has two leaves that look like pebbles and it’s very easy to care for.

Tools you need to grow succulents

You can't grow plants indoors without the right tools. There are a few things you'll need to get started if you plan on growing succulents in your home or garden.

The following list of tools will be everything you need to get started on growing succulents indoors.

Succulent potting mix: for all types of succulents, regular soil is also ok to use. But, if you want your succulents to flourish and grow their best - use a well-draining soil specifically formulated for them. You can purchase a succulent potting mix at your local gardening store or online.

Some prefer to use a soil-less growing medium, which has the advantage of draining quickly and not retaining enough water (which is also not good for most succulents). Choose whatever you prefer!

Watering container - The best way to water your succulents is to submerge the soil in a container of warm water. But you can buy something specifically for this purpose, OR use any water bottle to measure the amount of water you are giving to your plants.

Pot with drainage holes - Be sure not to let your succulents sit in standing water and make sure the container you choose has drainage holes.

Top-dressing - You can add a top dressing of gravel to cover the soil surface for extra protection and care. This helps prevent splashing water from injuring the succulents’ root system and keeps them looking neat.

Fertilizer - Feeding your indoors succulents good fertilizer, like a slow-release fertilizer, water-soluble fertilizer, or better use Succulents and Cacti liquid fertilizer, in its growing season will flourish it a lot.

Pruners - Buy a quality pair of pruners at your local hardware store to keep your succulents' growth under control.

How to Grow Succulents Indoors - step-by-step guide

TL;DR: To grow succulents indoors, you need to consider some basic factors. These factors include, your room condition like temperature, humidity, and lightening, a well-draining soil, appropriate pot (better with draining-hole), and also following optimal watering, pruning, and fertilizing (optional) schedule.

You can also consider succulent type according to your indoors color, as succulents comes in varieties of colors to choose from.

Succulents are a popular choice for indoor gardening, and if you’ve been thinking about giving them a try, there are many benefits to adding these plants into your home.

There is just one problem with succulents –they seem like simple enough plants but apparently, there is some confusion on how to care for them properly indoors. So follow along, especially if you are choosing succulents the first time...

Choose succulent according to your indoor conditions

Succulents come in many sizes, shapes, and colors. So while you’re out shopping for these perfect plants, consider some basic factors to determine the best kind of succulent for your space.

  1. Varying degrees of sunlight, temperature ranges, and humidity levels will all affect which type is right for your home.
  2. Low-light plants will grow best in a room with no exposure to direct sunlight.
  3. Too much heat or bright light might cause some succulents to lose their beautiful colors!

Provide a very well-draining succulent soil

Some plants may do better in soil that contains peat moss, while others will need a cactus and succulent-specific potting mix.

The best way to know which type of soil your succulents require is through personal experience – try one kind and if the plant’s growth appears stunted or its leaves turn yellow, try a different type of potting soil.

From our and many professionals' experience, it is clear that soil specially formulated for succulents and cacti does the best.

You can also create your own succulents soil. It'll be well-draining, airy, and full of nutrients which your succulent will love to be in.

Choose a Container with Drainage Holes

Just like with any other plant, the container you choose will play a big role in how easily your succulents thrive.

Many people use decorative glass containers that are shallow and wide –the perfect shape for your succulent plants! 

But whatever container you choose, make sure it has holes in the bottom so any water that accumulates can drain out quickly and easily to avoid overwatering and root rot. Because the #1 mistake that beginners make is overwatering their succulents.

Choosing Container Size

The size of the pot you use will also depend on how many years of growth you expect from your succulent.

Succulent plants will get larger with time. If you’re just starting with them, it may be best to choose a smaller pot that is only 1-2 times bigger than the plant's root ball.

Adding more soil over time will make it easier for you to control how much water the plant needs.

You may want to use a slightly larger pot than needed at first, then repot it in a permanent container when the succulent has grown several inches.

Place the potted succulent in a sunny location

Succulents need exposure to bright sunlight (better indirect for most) for their leaves to turn a brilliant color and for them to develop their normal shape. However, all plants have a sun threshold: too much light can burn your succulent's delicate leaves or even kill it.

The good news is that you probably know exactly where your succulent will live, so keeping track of the sunlight there is pretty easy. A simple way to do this is to spend some time in the room with the plants for a few days and evaluate whether too many shadows are falling on the leaves from other objects or if the windows are too close.

As long as you have chosen the right plant for your indoor growing conditions, then chances are it will do well with a little bit of direct sunlight several hours per day. Just remember to keep an eye on its progress and adjust the lighting if necessary!

Temperature and Humidity need to be just right

Most succulents only need a moderate temperature with no more than 8 hours of direct sunlight and normal indoor humidity.

Different species have different requirements, so take note of the care instructions as you shop.

Water Your Succulent Early in the Day

When you water your succulents at night time, it will likely sit wet all night long until your morning watering session. This could cause rot root or stem. Instead, try to water your succulents early in the day so it can dry before nightfall.

Don’t overwater, but don’t underwater either! Allow the potting mix to dry out between waterings.

If you typically use a watering can with a slow delivery, consider using a spray bottle instead for this specific plant.

Don’t Forget to Feed Your Succulents

Succulent plants, just like all other types of plants, need nutrients to do their best. If you want your plant to grow the healthiest, make sure you are feeding it properly!

Use a balanced fertilizer (15-15-15) to help your succulents grow healthy and lovely. But use dilute concentrated liquid fertilizers, to avoid the risk of damaging roots. You can also use light feeding of manure tea or diluted fish emulsion too.

Some choices for you to buy online

  1. Slow-release fertilizer
  2. Water-soluble fertilizer
  3. Succulents and Cacti liquid fertilizer (recommended)

Remove Dead or Damaged Leaves

Succulent plants have the ability to recover from damage. If a leaf gets damaged, it may dry out and die, but this doesn’t mean you should dispose of it! Just gently pull off the dead leaves (or entire stem) and let your succulent heal itself.

Tips for caring and growing succulents indoors:

Tip #1: As a general rule, if your succulent is planted in soil that drains well and does not sit in standing water, you won’t need to worry about overwatering. However, make sure the potting mix dries out completely up to 2 inches, between watering sessions!

Tip #2: If it seems as though your plant has a case of “droopy leaves,” it may be a sign of overwatering. To save the plant, remove all of the soil from its pot and let the roots dry for up to one week in a well-ventilated area (a sunny windowsill would work), then, repot it again in a well-draining soil especially made for succulents.

Tip #3: If watering is not making your succulent happier, try repotting it. Repotting is the process of moving your plant into a brand new container that better meets its needs (i.e., A larger pot and with bigger holes for drainage).

Tip #4: Established plants may need to be repotted about every two or three years if they have outgrown their pots and will no longer drain properly.

Tip #5: Succulents are generally very forgiving plants (unless you let them dry out completely) and can be propagated quite easily. To propagate new succulents, simply take a cutting or two of the plant you’d like to grow, and plant them in potting medium. Mist them with a spray bottle a few times daily. In a week or 2, it'll start growing roots, and you'll get new succulents babies.

How to care for your succulents when you travel?

When you travel away for a long period of time and are leaving your succulents at home, there are some precautions you should take to ensure that they stay healthy while you're away.

  1. If you are going out for a week or 2, water them just before you leave, and they will surely survive this time.
  2. If you are traveling for more than 2 weeks, you should know that succulents some times absorbs water from air as well. So place a humidifier, and set it on auto to start after every 2 days. But,
  3. If you’re traveling for a long period of time, and you don't trust that humidifier, we strongly recommend to pack up your entire collection of plants with you, and take care of them on the way.

Conclusion

Succulents are a popular choice for indoor plants lovers, but they’re not as easy to care for as people may think. This article has provided you with some tips and tricks on how to grow your succulent indoors so it thrives in any type of room or decorating style!

If you follow the above guidelines while shopping for this unique type of plant, you should be able to keep it alive and thriving throughout its lifetime.

In a nutshell, I recommend that you have plenty of light, water them only early in the day and when they are dry, Feed your plants once every two weeks to keep them healthy. Make sure you remove any dead leaves, as this will keep plants strong and prevent rot from forming on their stems.

As always feel free to leave a comment below! and share it with your friends and family if it helps you.

Which hanging succulents will work together well? Combining Hanging Succulents

Hanging succulents are a great way to spruce up your home or office. There are many different types of hanging plants but it can be difficult to know which ones will work well together. Combining hanging succulents is a great way to create stunning looks in your indoor spaces.

TL;DR: The best way to combine the plants, is by choosing ones with similar care needs and growing habits. You need to consider the growth needs, like soil, watering, sunlight, etc., hight of your plants, and even the color of your succulent plants, as color also affect planting with others. Read on for more info.

To create a stunning hanging succulent arrangement you will need at least two or three different types of succulents. It can be difficult to know which types of plants are compatible when you're picking out a new hanging plant for your collection. Keep reading to discover some of the best hanging succulents to grow together.

This guide will help you create stunning displays by combining different types of succulents. The suggestions in this article can also be used when planting hanging baskets, creating fairy gardens, or even your standard garden bed.

This article discusses some of the best plants for hanging baskets and how they complement each other.

Please note: We only discuss the rules of thumb here to follow, and will not mention the names of individual succulent types. Because there are a lot of hanging succulents, and it is hard to mention every one of them here.

Which Succulents can be Planted Together?

It is possible to plant just about any succulents in a hanging basket. Some, like Echeveria and Sedum, work well with other plants while some can be mixed only if there are enough baskets for each type of plant. Most succulents will need at least six hours of sunlight per day; however, this is something to keep in mind if you want to grow a variety of plants.

Dwarf varieties of Sedum work well with other succulents since they do not take up too much space. Also, these slow-growing plants will also be able to handle the additional weight. Echeveria succulents are perfect for anyone who wants to grow a variety of plants in one area but will not do well with other varieties and are better suited to be planted on their own.

The following factors should be considered when combining succulents together in one basket/planter.

Growth Needs Should be Same

The succulents variety is so vast when choosing which ones to plant together it’s helpful to choose those with similar needs. This will help create harmony and keep the set looking great for a long time.

Growth needs vary widely between succulents. Some, like the Wax plant, and Kenya Hyacinth, are slow-growing and can be planted with other succulents. Others, like Sedum Morganianum, and String of Buttons are fast-growing and will need their own basket so they do not crowd out the other slow plants in a hanging basket, but you can mix these together.

Height of Succulents Matters

Most succulents have a fairly low to the ground profile. However, there are some succulents that will be taller than others. This means they will take up more space in their hanging baskets and should not be mixed with smaller varieties of plants.

These taller succulents include Euphorbia and Senecio. Even though the plants look remarkably different they will both grow to be between two and three feet tall, which is just too big for most hanging baskets.

Color of Succulents Affects Planting with Others

The best way to combine different plant varieties is with similar colors. Succulent varieties come in a large number of colors but the ones that will work well together are those with similar orange and burgundy tones. This includes Sedum, Echeveria, and Sempervivum varieties.

Ideal Plant Combinations Having Similar Water And Light Needs

It is recommended to combine hanging baskets having similar requirements. This is the easiest way to ensure that all of your plants will thrive. The ideal combinations include:

There are many great ways to decorate your home or office with hanging succulents. These plants may require some upkeep but they can be the perfect addition to any space.

Bonus Video For Making Great Succulents Arrangements

Check the video by Succulents Box for beautifully arranging succulents together.

Conclusion

Hanging succulents are a great way to spruce up your home or office. There are many different types of plants that will work well together depending on the type and size of plant you want, how much sun it needs, their water and soil needs, and what color they are.

We hope this article helped clear up any confusion about which hanging succulent varieties should be planted with others! If not- feel free to reach out anytime for help designing an indoor garden plan that works best for you with our friendly team.

14 tips for taking care of hanging succulents

Succulent plants are popular for home decoration, and many people choose to display their hanging succulents on walls and indoors. If you have never cared for a succulent plant before, they can present some challenges when it comes to knowing what kind of care they need. While hanging succulents are also the same type of succulents, but it needs some special care to grow them healthy.

Here I am mentioning some of the most important tips for taking care of your hanging succulent. We've covered everything from the basics like watering them properly all the way down to more advanced topics such as transplanting and pest control.

Tip #1: Choose the Right Succulent Plant

When buying a hanging succulent plant, it is important to know in what type of environment it will be taking care of. Some hanging plants need more water than others and some may require a more acidic soil base. Make sure you are choosing a plant that matches your home's environment.

Succulent plants are easy to care for as long as you know the right conditions for growing them.

Tip #2: Use the Right Succulent Soil

Caring for a hanging succulent plant is easier if you choose one that grows in soil (some can grow without soil, e.g. epiphytes). Hanging succulents can adapt well to just absorbing water from the air, but it is better to have a soil-based succulents if you plan on having one for an extended period of time. This makes it easier to clean and gives the plant more nutrients.

When choosing potting soil, make sure that it will support the growth of your hanging succulent plants. It should be able to give them plenty of moisture without having too many nutrients or not enough nutrients. It should also be well-aerated so that the plant roots have a good supply of oxygen to grow properly.

Tip #3: Water the Soil thoroughly when it is dry to the touch

Hanging succulents need plenty of water, but you do not want to overdo it. You can tell when your hanging succulent needs more water by looking at the soil. If it is light and fluffy, you should water it immediately to avoid damaging your beauty.

A hanging succulent plant needs at least one inch of water every week. Watering your succulents before or after natural rainfall is a good idea so that there are no issues with over-watering or under-watering. You may have to adjust how much you water your hanging succulents in different seasons. For example, they will need more water in the spring or their growing season than they do in the fall or winter (dormant) months.

Tip #4: Transplanting / Repotting

You can keep your succulent roots healthy by changing their soil every year or two. In order to do this, you may need to repot your plant into a larger pot.

When repotting your hanging succulent, keep the container at least two inches wider than the previous one so that it has enough room for the roots to grow. You should also have some drainage holes in the bottom of the pot so that excess water can escape.

Tip #5: Give Hanging Succulents enough Sunlight and Temperature

Your succulent's sunlight needs to be the right intensity for it to grow properly. As a general rule of thumb, you should avoid exposing your succulents to direct sunlight if they have green leaves. Succulents that have white or gray coloring will be able to tolerate more sunlight than their green-leaved counterparts.

A succulent plant will also grow best if it is kept at room temperature. If you can, try to mimic the temperatures where they would naturally grow so that they do not have too much trouble adjusting when they are first transplanted into your home or garden.

Tip #6: Pruning to adjust its Shape and Size

You may need to prune your hanging succulent plant for several reasons. The first reason is that you may want to control its shape or size. Some plants will grow too tall, so you may trim the stem back in order to keep it short enough to be manageable.

Another reason for pruning a succulent plant is for aesthetic or health reasons. When your succulents start to droop, prune them back so that they stay healthy and attractive.

Tip #7: Feed them nuetrients by Fertilizing

You may need to feed your hanging succulent by either fertilizing the soil it is planted in or feeding the plant itself.

A soil-based succulent will need to be fertilized roughly every other month. In order for the plant to absorb as much of the fertilizer as possible, mix it with water and allow it to sit for an hour or two before you water your plant. The sunlight will also help the fertilizer to work better.

Tip #8: Pests Control is Necessary

If your hanging succulent plant becomes infested by pests, you have several options. One option is to use a pesticide that will not do any harm to the plant. The second option is to use beneficial bugs or plants that are known for repelling pests.

If you do not want to use pesticides, you can try growing your succulents in direct sunlight while making sure their soil stays moist at all times.

Tip #9: Rotate Your Hanging Succulents Frequently

It can be difficult to keep your succulent healthy and vibrant if you hang it in the same spot for too long. You should also try to rotate it from time to time.

Rotating it will ensure that it gets enough sunlight, as well as changing its angle so that air can flow into all of its leaves and stems. It also makes sure that the plant is not getting too hot or too cold, which can make it wilt.

Tip #10: Keep Your Hanging Succulents Clean

It is vital that you keep your hanging succulent plant clean! Before you feed it or water it, make sure that any dust and dirt particles are removed from around the base of the leaves. You can use a damp cloth to wipe off any excess dirt.

Succulents need their soil to be moist at all times, so make sure you water your hanging succulent on a regular basis. Succulents prefer their soil to be slightly moist.

Tip #11: Take Care During All Seasons

There are several important steps to take during all seasons if you want your succulent to stay healthy and live as long as possible.

In order for your hanging succulent to be healthy, it needs the right amount of water as well as sunlight. The ideal temperature for succulents is anywhere in the range between 50 degrees and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

They also need to have their soil mixed with compost or potting soil at all times so they will have everything they need for proper growth. You may also need to replant your succulents every year or two, especially if the roots have spread out too much and are taking up a lot of space.

Tip #12: Air Humidity is Important

The right amount of humidity is also important for your succulents to survive and thrive. Although you may think that the tropical room in your house would be ideal, this is not necessarily true.

In order to keep a healthy level of humidity around your succulent, place a container with pebbles or rocks inside it under the hanging succulent. This will help to add natural moisture to the air around your plant.

Tip #13: Mist the Leaves Once in a While

Another way to keep your hanging succulent healthy is by misting the leaves. Use a spray bottle, and lightly spray the leaves every few days or whenever they feel dry.

Tip #14: Remove any dead or damaged leaves to encourage new growth

Another important step in caring for your hanging succulent is to remove any dead or damaged leaves. This will help it stay healthy, and you also need to be sure to check the soil every few weeks so that you know when it needs more water.

Bonus Video For Taking Care of Trailing/Hanging Succculents

Check out the great video by Mountain Crest Gardens for taking care of trailing succulents.

Conclusion

Hanging succulents are a great way to add an interesting accent or focal point to your home. They’re also quite easy and inexpensive plants to care for, as long as you know, how!

But they require a bit of maintenance. Fortunately, there is plenty you can do with these 14 tips for taking care of your hanging succulent plants and make sure they stay healthy and happy. Whether you need help caring for your new trailing/hangings or want to learn more about the best way to take care of them in specific seasons, this article includes everything known so far that you may need!

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